In 1998–99, a village empowerment program was implemented in the Thiès/Fatick and Kolda regions of Senegal by the nongovernmental organization Tostan, to mobilize communities to hold public declarations in support of abandoning harmful traditional practices, including female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) and child marriage. The information presented in this report indicates that many did end the practices following a public declaration, however, the lack of follow-up in the field and the absence of support mechanisms pose a large obstacle. Nevertheless, the program achieved significant results: knowledge of life skills resulting in positive changes and a shift in the perception of FGM/C moved everyone toward abandonment of this practice. Two main recommendations emerged from this retrospective assessment: 1) there is a need to provide support to these villages following the public declaration; and 2) there is a need to provide more support to families/communities that have abandoned the practice.
Diop, Nafissatou J., Amadou Moreau, and Helene Benga. 2008. "Evaluation of the long-term impact of the TOSTAN programme on the abandonment of FGM/C and early marriage: Results from a qualitative study in Senegal," FRONTIERS Final Report. Washington, DC: Population Council.
A Research Agenda to End Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in a Generation; Frontiers in Reproductive Health
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