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Data on female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) are rarely collected in health facilities, yet routine collection of facility-based data through other health-seeking visits (e.g., during antenatal care) is considered good medical practice and can be an important source of data. Clinical exams provide an opportunity to identify women and girls who have undergone FGM/C, which is an important step in aiding the prevention of chronic complications that can be difficult to manage later in life. These exams also make it possible to refer those with FGM/C-related complications for specialized treatment. Clinical visits also present an opportunity to discuss prevention of the practice. In instances where women seeking asylum due to FGM/C are required to prove their status, physical exams can provide supporting evidence. This Guidance Note outlines critical considerations for the collecting and documenting of FGM/C data by health-care providers. Existing literature is drawn upon as well as key findings from a study conducted by the Evidence to End FGM/C research consortium that gathered data from professionals about their views and experiences in the measurement of FGM/C prevalence.






Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Girls and Women Thrive