HIV-risk behaviors of men who perpetrate intimate partner violence in Rakai, Uganda

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Article (peer-reviewed)

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Little is known about men who perpetrate IPV in communities also at risk for HIV infection. Using data from the Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS), five survey rounds were used (n = 21,157, observation from n = 10,618 men) to examine HIV risk and prevention behaviors among men who reported acts of violence against their wife/primary partner in the past 12 months. Overall, 10.4% men reported perpetrating physical violence and 17.3% perpetrating verbal violence, 3.1% reported sexual violence, 3.1% used violence to have sex with their wife/partner, and 1.1% used verbal coercion. Factors associated with IPV were: age 20-24 years, lower socio-economic status, being married, no male circumcision, drinking alcohol before sex, no consistent condom use, multiple sex partners in the past 12 months, multiple partners ever, and working in a bar. Protective HIV behaviors predicted fewer reports of perpetration and HIV-risk behaviors predicted more reports of perpetrating IPV.