The present study was undertaken by the Population Council and the Karnataka Health Promotion Trust to study the patterns and factors driving migration among men and the extent to which they engage in high-risk activities associated with HIV. The specific objectives of the study were: to understand the patterns and factors driving the migration of men seeking work in the state of Karnataka; to describe the characteristics of vulnerable subpopulations among migrant men; and to examine the determinants of high-risk sexual behavior among the subpopulations of migrant men, with an emphasis on their mobility as one possible factor. Results suggest no relationship between degree of mobility and risky sexual behaviors among the migrants surveyed, and no systematic pattern of a relationship between condom use with the various types of sex partners and degree of mobility, indicating the need for HIV-prevention initiatives in their home areas as well as in their work destinations. Future research is needed to improve understanding of the behavior of men working in specific occupational groups in terms of their sexual networks and HIV-prevention needs.
Halli, Shiva S., Raluca Buzdugan, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Ajay Kumar Singh, and Suvakanta N. Swain. 2008. "Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Karnataka 2007–08." New Delhi: Karnataka Health Promotion Trust (KHPT) and Population Council.
Assessing the Patterns and Drivers of Migration/Mobility of Sex Workers and Male Workers and Examining the Links with HIV Risk