The HIV/AIDS epidemic continues to spread, undermining development, reversing health gains, and exacerbating poverty. It will be some time before a vaccine is available and accessible, thus there is an urgent need to identify additional prevention options, in particular a method that women control, which could save millions of lives. This report from the Population Council and International Family Health presents the case for microbicides—products used vaginally to prevent infection from HIV and other STIs in women and their sexual partners—and discusses recent progress and developments, outstanding challenges, and the action required to ensure that products will be made available to those who most need them. The field faces a number of constraints, most notably inadequate funding and lack of industry participation. The report concludes that a strategic research and development approach is critical to achieving this fundamentally important goal.
Attawell, Kathy. 2001. "The case for microbicides: A global priority." New York and London: Population Council and International Family Health.