This study explored the links between HIV infection, serostatus disclosure, and partner violence among women attending a VCT clinic in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Men and women both perceive HIV testing as a way to plan for the future but are motivated to undergo testing by a number of different individual, relationship, and environmental factors. The women in our study described more barriers to HIV testing than did men, and women who have communicated with their partners about VCT before seeking services are significantly more likely to share their HIV test results than those who have not talked with their partners. Findings from this study led to a number of recommendations that could reduce the barriers women face in getting tested for HIV and in disclosing their serostatus to their partners, as well as reduce levels of partner violence. These recommendations pertain to VCT services as well as to the wider community and policy environment.
Maman, Suzanne, Jessie K. Mbwambo, Margaret Hogan, Gad P. Kilonzo, Michael D. Sweat, and Ellen Weiss. 2001. "HIV and partner violence: Implications for HIV voluntary counseling and testing programs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania," Horizons Final Report. Washington, DC: Population Council.
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