Stigma, defined as the co-occurrence of labeling, stereotyping, separation, status loss, and discrimination in a context in which power is exercised, has a negative impact on the health of people living with HIV (PLHIV), contributing to psychosocial stress, coercion and violence, job loss, and social exclusion. Widely recognized as a barrier to accessing HIV care, it is paramount that programs and policies are designed to mitigate HIV-related stigma to achieve the UNAIDS’ 90-90-90 goals. Project SOAR recognizes the importance of addressing stigma to control the HIV epidemic through testing, treatment, and viral suppression. Project SOAR has contributed to the evidence base and catalyzed research use by conceptualizing and measuring stigma among PLHIV. This brief highlights findings from two studies across four countries (Cameroon, Dominican Republic, Senegal, and Uganda) that examined intersectional stigma among key populations, including impacts on HIV outcomes, and the importance of measuring and promoting resilience to combat stigma.
Project SOAR. 2021. "Advances in conceptualizing and measuring stigma among people living with HIV," Learnings from Project SOAR, Synthesis Brief. Washington, DC: Population Council.
Supporting Operational AIDS Research (Project SOAR)