Sexual and reproductive ill-health and HIV/AIDS share root causes, including poverty, gender inequality, and social marginalization of the most vulnerable populations. This has prompted the international community to call for policy and program approaches to strengthen the linkages between SRH and HIV/AIDS programs. However, most integration efforts have given priority to family planning, maternal and child health, and STI treatment and to addressing the needs of married women from the general population. Female sex workers have been targeted for HIV prevention efforts but little attention has been given to SRH-related care. To bring sex workers into the focus for SRH-HIV convergence, it is important to understand their SRH needs, explore approaches that can be adopted by existing HIV programs, and examine if current services can be geared to provide these services. The Population Council, in collaboration with CARE-India, conducted an exploratory research study to understand sex workers' SRH needs and health-seeking behaviors to suggest areas and strategies for linkages with HIV. This brief focuses on findings from interviews and surveys with sex workers completed for this cross-sectional study.
Mahendra, Vaishali Sharma, Sushma Mehrotra, B. Srikanthi, Sucheta Panda, Avina Sarna, A.K. Jayasree, Rajendra Prasad, and Naomi Rutenberg. 2007. "Identifying areas for linkages between HIV and SRH for vulnerable populations: An exploratory study to assess female sex workers' sexual and reproductive health needs," Research update. New Delhi: Population Council.