HIV is widespread in Andhra Pradesh, with high HIV prevalence among pregnant women receiving antenatal care and patients receiving treatment for sexually transmitted infections. High HIV prevalence among women indicates that the infection, rather than being restricted to groups at high risk, is present in the general population. Districts with high HIV prevalence are also destinations for large numbers of male migrants. Migration may be a major contributor to the spread of HIV in the state, however empirical evidence is limited. Furthermore, evidence is required to maximize the impact of programmatic inputs intended to contain the spread of the epidemic. The India AIDS Initiative, Avahan, gave a grant to the Population Council to study patterns and motivations related to migration/mobility of male laborers and sex workers and to examine links with HIV risk. The study, summarized in this brief, determined whether there were overlapping trends between migration and HIV prevalence that would indicate a relationship between migration and HIV infection.
Verma, Ravi K., Niranjan Saggurti, Madhumita Das, Saumya RamaRao, and Anrudh K. Jain. 2007. "Patterns and implications of male migration for HIV prevention strategies in Andhra Pradesh," Technical brief. New Delhi: Population Council.