Most Kenyan adults do not know their HIV status. Patients who present to a health facility can learn their status as part of a diagnostic assessment, enabling health-care personnel to provide a more accurate clinical evaluation and accelerate access to comprehensive care. This is particularly relevant in Kenya because up to 60 percent of all medical ward hospital beds are occupied by HIV-infected patients. Therefore provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling, which includes diagnostic testing and counseling (DTC), provides an opportunity to interrupt the cycle of HIV transmission to patients’ partners and children. In 2004, the Kenya Ministry of Health launched its “Guidelines for HIV Testing in Clinical Settings,” which assists health workers in providing high-quality DTC. To assess the preparedness of health workers to provide DTC, the Population Council’s Horizons Program and the Centers for Disease Control helped conduct the 2005 Kenya Health Worker Survey. As noted in this brief, the study provided an opportunity to assess HIV-related service delivery in the country and document how HIV has affected health workers’ personal and professional lives.
National AIDS and STD Control Programme, Ministry of Health Kenya, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Horizons Program. 2007. "Preparedness of Kenyan health workers to deliver HIV/AIDS services," Horizons Research Summary. Washington, DC: Population Council.