A study conducted by the Population Council in 2001 found that truckers crossing Brazil’s southern border had easy access to commercial sex and extremely limited access to health services, condoms, HIV testing and counseling, and HIV/STI prevention messages. In response, the Population Council’s Horizons Program conducted an intervention study from 2002 to 2005. The study examined the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of providing a range of health services to truckers at a health post inside a customs station, where truckers wait anywhere from one day to a week for documents and cargo to clear customs. As noted in this brief, truckers responded positively to HIV-related services offered together with other health services, such as blood pressure and glucose screening. Truckers passing through the intervention site reported greater uptake of HIV counseling and testing, as well as increased condom use and partner communication compared to truckers surveyed at the comparison site. These data suggest that the strategy was successful in reducing HIV risk among truckers.
Chinaglia, Magda, Sheri A. Lippman, Julie Pulerwitz, Maeve de Mello, Rick Homan, and Juan Diaz. 2007. "Reaching truckers in Brazil with non-stigmatizing and effective HIV/STI services," Horizons Research Summary. Washington, DC: Population Council.