Alcohol and condom use among HIV-positive and HIV-negative female sex workers in Nagaland, India
This study examines the relationship between alcohol use, HIV status, and condom use among female sex workers in Nagaland, India. We analyzed data from a cross-sectional survey undertaken in 2009, using descriptive and multivariate statistics. Out of 417 female sex workers, one-fifth used alcohol daily and one-tenth were HIV-positive. HIV-positive female sex workers were more likely than HIV-negative female sex workers to consume alcohol daily (30.2% vs. 18.0%). HIV-positive daily alcohol users reported lower condom use at last sex with regular clients compared to HIV-positive non-daily alcohol users (46.2% vs. 79.3%), a relationship not evident among HIV-negative female sex workers. There is a need to promote awareness of synergies between alcohol use and HIV, and to screen for problematic alcohol use among female sex workers in order to reduce the spread of HIV.
Nuken, Amenia, Michelle Kermode, Niranjan Saggurti, Greg Armstrong, and Gajendra Kumar Medhi. 2013. "Alcohol and condom use among HIV-positive and HIV-negative female sex workers in Nagaland, India," International Journal of STD and AIDS 24(9): 695–702.