People living with HIV (PLHIV) have a 20-fold higher risk of dying from tuberculosis (TB) than the general population. Reducing TB morbidity and mortality among PLHIV requires identifying those with active TB and treating them, as well as preventing new TB infections among those not infected. WHO recommends screening all HIV-infected patients for symptoms of active TB infection, testing those who show symptoms, treating those with positive TB tests, and providing isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) for those who are either asymptomatic or whose TB test results are negative. WHO classifies Kenya among the “high burden” countries for TB and notes high rates of HIV-TB co-infection. Screening and testing of HIV-infected patients for TB is the focus of this report. The TB Tech study, under USAID’s HIVCore project led by the Population Council was initiated. The study team conducted research to address: preparedness of Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) facilities and providers to screen for TB symptoms and provide IPT for symptom-negative HIV-infected patients; preparedness of AMPATH Medical Record System (AMRS) to capture and report critical indicators of IPT/TB service performance; preparedness of AMRS and other data sources to capture and report critical indicators of reminder-system performance.
Catalani, Caricia, Eric P. Green, Lameck Diero, Jane Carter, Martin Were, Dennis Israelski, Adrian Gardner, Charity Ndwiga, and Paul Biondich. 2014. "Provider alerts and reminders to improve tuberculosis care among people living with HIV in Kenya: TB Tech formative report." Washington, DC: Population Council.
HIVCore: Strengthening HIV and AIDS Treatment, Care, and Support and PMTCT Service Delivery Programs