Ethiopia is experiencing an increasingly urban, female-centered HIV epidemic alongside a rise in rural migration of adolescents to Addis Ababa. Often these migrants are confronted by social challenges such as lack of education, inadequate housing, unstable employment conditions, and physical and sexual abuse. These difficult living circumstances contribute to psychological and mental health problems among these adolescents, potentially putting them at greater risk of acquiring HIV. However, knowledge about how targeted mental health interventions can impact HIV-related outcomes worldwide, and in Ethiopia, remains limited. The goal of this study was to pilot test a strategy for addressing mental health problems, such as stress, anxiety, depression, and emotional and behavioral issues, as well as measure if the provision of a tailormade psychosocial support intervention can affect HIV-related outcomes among vulnerable migrant adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The specific objectives of this study were to pilot test a psychosocial support counseling intervention and document any changes in: 1) psychological and mental health problems of the target population; and 2) responsiveness to HIV programming and services among the target population.
Jani, Nrupa, Lung Vu, Sam Kalibala, Gebeyehu Mekonnen, and Kay Lynn. 2015. "Addressing mental health disorders and HIV vulnerability of marginalized adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia," HIVCore Final Report. Washington, DC: USAID | Project Search: HIVCore.
HIVCore: Strengthening HIV and AIDS Treatment, Care, and Support and PMTCT Service Delivery Programs