The Government of Namibia has adopted “treat-all” guidelines, commonly referred to as test and start (TnS), as a national policy effective April 2017. These guidelines recommend that anyone who has tested positive for HIV should begin antiretroviral therapy (ART) as soon as possible. This brief describes the proposed research of a study team led by the Population Council to generate evidence on how the national rollout of the TnS guidelines and decentralization of ART services affect client-level treatment outcomes, quality of ART services, and treatment costs in Namibia. The results of this study will inform the implementation and scale-up of TnS as well as efforts to decentralize ART services in Namibia and sub-Saharan Africa.
Project SOAR. 2017. "Assessment of the implementation of the treat-all guidelines (Test and Start) in Namibia," Activity brief. Washington, DC: Population Council.
Supporting Operational AIDS Research (Project SOAR)