Inhibition of LH-stimulated androgen production in rat immature Leydig cells: Effects on nuclear receptor steroidogenic factor 1 by FGF2
Both fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) and luteinizing hormone (LH) have been reported to regulate androgen production in Leydig cells in progenitor Leydig cells. The objective of the present study is to examine the regulation of androgen production in rat immature Leydig cells (ILCs). ILCs were isolated from 35-day-old rat testes and cultured in DMEM/F12 medium with LH (1 ng/ml) or FGF2 (10 ng/ml). 5α-Androstane-3α, 17β-diol (3β-DIOL), the primary androgen in ILCs, and testosterone (T) were measured by Radioimmuno assay. The results showed the LH stimulated androgen production in ILCs, and FGF2 did not. However, FGF2 decreased the LH-stimulated androgen production. Real-time PCR and enzyme assay showed that FGF2 decreased levels of several steroidogenic enzymes, inhibited the expressions of steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein and steroidogenic factor 1 (Nr5a1) in LH-stimulated ILCs. FGF2-mediated inhibition of Nr5a1gene expression may be the mechanism through which FGF2 inhibits LH-stimulated androgen production.
Xiao, Ye-Chen, Dianne O. Hardy, Chantal M. Sottas, Xiao-Kun Li, and Renshan Ge. 2010. "Inhibition of LH-stimulated androgen production in rat immature Leydig cells: Effects on nuclear receptor steroidogenic factor 1 by FGF2," Growth Factors 28(1): 1–9.