Glucocorticoid suppresses steroidogenesis in rat progenitor Leydig cells
Glucocorticoid (GC) inhibits testosterone production in adult Leydig cells by the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). However, whether GC affects the development of Leydig cells is unclear. The goal of the present study is to investigate the effects of GC on steroidogenesis of rat progenitor Leydig cells (PLCs) in vitro. Dexamethasone (DEX) inhibited androsterone (AO) production in PLCs. The GR antagonist, RU38486, reversed the DEX-induced inhibition of AO, while the MR antagonist, RU28318, did not. RU38486 also reversed DEX-induced reductions in steady-state mRNA levels of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (Star) and 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (Hsd3b1). StAR protein expression and 3βHSD enzyme activity were affected similarly. These results show that GCs inhibit steroidogenesis of PLCs by suppression of StAR and 3βHSD via GR-mediated mechanism.
Xiao, Ye-Chen, Ya-Dong Huang, Dianne O. Hardy, Xiao-Kun Li, and Renshan Ge. 2010. "Glucocorticoid suppresses steroidogenesis in rat progenitor Leydig cells," Journal of Andrology 31(4): 365–371.