Gendered norms and discriminatory practices often limit women’s decision-making power, which over time can lead to social norms that systematically subordinate women. Aspects of empowerment were explored in a global evaluation of Demographic and Health Survey data that measured how gendered social norms influenced maternal health-seeking behaviors. Analysis specifically explored associations of women’s autonomy and acceptability of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) on antenatal care (ANC) use and facility delivery in 63 low- and middle-income countries. Service utilization is positively associated with increased autonomy and negatively associated with increased acceptability of IPVAW, but variability exists across countries and regions. In Bangladesh, maternal health-seeking behaviors are influenced by numerous interrelated factors. Little research exists on how gender dynamics and norms, including acceptability of various forms of IPVAW, may influence women’s decision-making autonomy, health-seeking behavior, and overall well-being. This country brief explores the relationship between women’s autonomy and acceptability of IPVAW and two primary maternal health-care utilization outcomes in Bangladesh.
Sripad, Pooja, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Charity Ndwiga, and Charlotte E. Warren. 2019. "Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Bangladesh," Ending Eclampsia Country Brief. Washington, DC: Population Council.
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