Conditional and unconditional cash transfers to improve use of contraception in low and middle income countries: A systematic review
This systematic review synthesizes evidence on the impact of conditional and unconditional cash transfers (CCT and UCT) on contraception in low and middle-income countries. Scientific and gray literature databases were searched from 1994 to 2016 and 11 papers from ten studies were included. Most of the studies had low risk of bias. Cash transfers were used for increasing school attendance or improving health and nutrition, but not directly for contraception. Three studies showed positive impact on contraceptive use and four showed a decrease in fertility outcomes. An increase in childbearing was observed in two studies, and three studies demonstrated no impact on fertility indicators. All studies treated contraceptive use or fertility only as unintended and indirect outcomes. The available evidence on impact of CCT and UCT on contraception is inconclusive due to the limited number of studies, varying outcome measures, and lack of intervention specifically for contraception.
Khan, M.E., Avishek Hazra, Aastha Kant, and Moazzam Ali. 2016. "Conditional and unconditional cash transfers to improve use of contraception in low and middle income countries: A systematic review," Studies in Family Planning 47(4): 371–383.