This treatment brief provides policymakers and program implementers with evidence about the impact of gender dynamics on treatment access and adherence and the gender-related gaps in treatment research and programming. It also includes priority actions that can be taken to better address gender within treatment programming and raises questions for implementation science in order to achieve the global 90-90-90 goal. This brief draws from What Works for Women and Girls: Evidence for HIV Interventions and uses the WHO treatment cascade framework to identify and analyze major gender considerations in providing antiretroviral therapy to those living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries. It focuses on antiretroviral treatment access and adherence as well as the gender dynamics related to who gets tested and under which circumstances.
Croce-Galis, Melanie, Jill Gay, Karen Hardee, What Works Association, and Population Council. 2015. "Gender considerations along the HIV treatment cascade: An evidence review with priority actions," Treatment brief. Washington, DC: The Evidence Project.
The Evidence Project