This study examines the behavioral, sociocultural, economic, programmatic, and legal factors that aggravate Egyptian women’s vulnerabilities to HIV/AIDS. The study concludes that in low-prevalence settings like Egypt, targeted interventions are the most strategic and cost-effective: for example, HIV awareness-raising with a special focus on the preventive role of consistent, correct condom use, and creating a cadre of peers that could provide psychosocial support and HIV counseling to migrant workers. Furthermore, premarital and antenatal care programs should include HIV awareness-raising and provider-initiated counseling and testing after screening of women to identify those at risk for HIV infection. Concurrently, efforts should be made to empower women (e.g., through microloans or vocational training) as well as addressing inequitable gender norms and revisiting legislation and policies that discriminate against women and exacerbate their vulnerability to HIV.
Oraby, Doaa and Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab. 2016. "Understanding married women's vulnerability to HIV infection in Egypt: An exploratory study." Cairo: Population Council.