Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) and fistula are both conditions that have a range of health, socioeconomic, and lifestyle causes and consequences for women globally. There have been sparse empirical and conceptual efforts to look at how these two conditions manifest and relate to one another. This rigorous review of the literature aims to fill this research gap by assessing the state of evidence on the association of FGM/C and fistula and conceptually mapping this association within broader social, political, and health-systems contexts. Based on the findings, the authors of this report have developed a conceptual mapping framework to situate the evidence of an association between FGM/C and fistula, including high-income countries and low- and middle-income countries where migrants or underserved populations lack access to proper pregnancy and delivery care. The authors recommend that researchers, as well as policy and program implementers, think through and utilize the framework in their work in order to consider the intersectional influences on both conditions.
Sripad, Pooja, Charity Ndwiga, and Kaji Tamanna Keya. 2017. "Exploring the association between FGM/C and fistula: A review of the evidence," Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Girls and Women Thrive. New York: Population Council.
Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Girls and Women Thrive
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