Alternative-development programs are being offered to the population of seven regions of central-eastern Peru involved in coca cropping. The youth of these regions are above the national average in risk of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, use of alcohol and drugs, and violence against women. This study sought to identify and describe protective factors expected to function as counterforces to such risks; develop reliable indicators and provide a baseline concerning the risk behaviors and protective factors; compare youth by gender, developmental stage, urbanization, and geography to determine whether segmented interventions are required; and recommend specific intervention strategies. The results of this study reinforce the idea that interventions must be segmented by gender. The report describes four levels of interventions that were discussed considering individual differences in risk and protective factors under a clinical approach, a collective approach, positive social factors, and negative social factors.
Leon, Federico R. and Mary L. Claux. 2004. "Youth behavioral risks and psychosocial resources in Peru's alternative-development zones," FRONTIERS Final Report. Washington, DC: Population Council.
Frontiers in Reproductive Health