The literature on fertility transitions in the sub-Saharan Africa region suggests that an early transition was observed across nearly all age groups, socioeconomic groups, and countries. This workshop report analyzes fertility transitions in Ghana and Kenya which are influenced by a multiplicity of factors, with marked similarities and differences between each country. Paradoxically, these analyses and critiques of policy and programming experiences suggest that, if enabling women and couples to achieve their wanted fertility rates within a rights-based approach that reduces inequities as well as reducing TFR toward replacement level are the goals of a national family planning program, then Ghana could currently be judged to more successful than Kenya, despite having achieved much lower levels of modern contraceptive use. Forthcoming 2014 DHS datasets will help further understanding these trends.
Askew, Ian, Baker Ndugga Maggwa, and Francis Onyango. 2015. "Fertility transitions in Kenya and Ghana: Trends, determinants and implications for policy and programs," STEP UP Working Paper, National Academy of Sciences: National Research Council Committee on Population Workshop on Recent Trends in Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Strengthening Evidence for Programming on Unintended Pregnancy (STEP UP)
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