Policymakers and advocates often cite fistula—a hole between the vagina and rectum or bladder that leaves a woman leaking urine or excrement or both—among the many adverse health conditions thought to be related to female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). But high-quality research supporting a connection between the two conditions is limited. Health workers, program managers, and health advocates need a clear understanding of the evidence linking FGM/C and fistula and more accurate information on the dynamics between them. To fill this gap, the Evidence to End FGM/C program examined the association between FGM/C and fistula. This brief highlights the program’s findings on the relationship between the two conditions, focusing on what we know and what we still need to investigate.
"Exploring the association between female genital mutilation/cutting and fistula," Evidence to End FGM/C Programme Consortium Evidence Brief. Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau, 2018.
Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Girls and Women Thrive