Modelling and mapping of regional disparities associated with female genital mutilation/cutting prevalence among girls aged 0–14 Years in Senegal: Evidence from Senegal (SDHS) Surveys 2005–2017

Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala
Paul Komba
Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu
Glory Atilola
Lubanzadio Mavatikua
Zhuzhi Moore
Dennis Matanda, Population Council


Between 2005 and 2017, Senegal experienced a slight national decline in the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) among women aged 15–49 years and girls younger than 15 years. However, significant differences in prevalence exist as a result of multifarious risk factors. Our previous research in Senegal described the national trends in FGM/C, showing where, when, and why FGM/C is practiced in Senegal. However, no recent study exists to analyze the geographical patterns of FGM/C and the effect of individual-and community-level risk factors on the likelihood of cutting among girls younger than 15 years. This working paper presents results from a report that provided a more consistent evidence base on the patterns of FGM/C and the impact of multilevel factors on geographical variations in the risk of girls’ cutting. Specifically, this study examined the spatial distribution of FGM/C risks among girls younger than 15 years and identified individual-and community-level characteristics associated with the probability for such girls facing cutting in Senegal. This evidence base is necessary for well-informed targeting of prevention strategies.