The Population Council's Reproductive Health program strives to improve sexual and reproductive health, especially for vulnerable people in developing countries. We help individuals to achieve their family planning and reproductive health goals through improvements in technologies and services. We work to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity and to improve equity and quality in the delivery of care.

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Submissions from 2020

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system's response to female genital mutilation/cutting management and prevention in Kenya: A case study of West Pokot County, Samuel Kimani

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system's response to FGM/C management and prevention in Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, Adetayo Adetunji, Mayokun Adediran, and Otibho Obianwu

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Associations between female genital mutilation/cutting and early/child marriage: A multi-country DHS/MICS analysis, Jamlick Karumbi and David Gathara

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Barriers to provision of respectful maternity care in Zambia: Results from a qualitative study through the lens of behavioral science, Jana Smith, Rachel Banay, Emily Zimmerman, Vivien Caetano, Maurice Musheke, and Ameck Kamanga

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Commentary on research to improve contraceptive and multipurpose prevention technologies, J. Joseph Speidel, John Townsend, Elspeth Williams, Jamie Quam, and Kirsten M.J. Thompson

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Considerations for collecting and documenting FGM/C data by health care providers, Dennis Matanda

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Contraceptive technologies for global health: Ethically getting to safe, effective and acceptable options for women and men, John Townsend, Régine Sitruk-Ware, Saumya RamaRao, and James Sailer

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Contraceptive use dynamics in India: A prospective cohort study of modern reversible contraceptive users, Arupendra Mozumdar, Elizabeth Tobey, Kumudha Aruldas, Rajib Acharya, and Aparna Jain

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Effect of sharing health messages on antenatal care behavior among women involved in microfinance-based self-help groups in Bihar India, Monika Walia, Laili Irani, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Yamini Atmavilas, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Examining user fee reductions in public primary healthcare facilities in Kenya, 1997–2012: Effects on the use and content of antenatal care, Mardieh Dennis, Lenka Benova, Catherine Goodman, Edwine Barasa, Timothy Abuya, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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Exploring barriers to seeking health care among Kenyan Somali women with female genital mutilation: A qualitative study, Samuel Kimani, Caroline W. Kabiru, Jacinta Muteshi-Strachan, and Jaldesa Guyo

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Exploring the capacity of the Somaliland healthcare system to manage female genital mutilation/cutting-related complications and prevent the medicalization of the practice: A cross-sectional study, Mohamed Yussuf, Dennis Matanda, and Richard A. Powell

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Exploring the nature and extent of normative change in FGM/C in Somaliland, Richard A. Powell, Mohamed Yussuf, Bettina Shell-Duncan, and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Female genital mutilation/cutting: Emerging factors sustaining medicalization related changes in selected Kenyan communities, Samuel Kimani, Caroline W. Kabiru, Jacinta Muteshi-Strachan, and Jaldesa Guyo

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Female genital mutilation/cutting in Nigeria: Is the practice declining? A descriptive analysis of successive demographic and health surveys and multiple indicator cluster surveys (2003–2017), Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Glory Atilola, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Emmanuel Ogundimu, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Paul Komba, Zhuzhi Moore, and Dennis Matanda

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Female genital mutilation/cutting in Senegal: Is the practice declining? Descriptive analysis of Demographic and Health Surveys, 2005–2017, Dennis Matanda, Glory Atilola, Zhuzhi Moore, Paul Komba, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, and Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala

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Health care providers' and mothers' perceptions about the medicalization of female genital mutilation or cutting in Egypt: A cross-sectional qualitative study [Arabic], Omaima El-Gibaly and Mirette Aziz

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Health workforce demography: A framework to improve understanding of the health workforce and support achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, Sylvia Szabo, Andrea Nove, Zoe Matthews, Ashish Bajracharya, Ibadat Dhillon, Devendra Raj Singh, Aurora Saares, and James Campbell

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Implementation process brief: Integrated family planning and HIV services at the community level in Kenya, Wilson Liambila, Sara Chace Dwyer, Charlotte E. Warren, Aparna Jain, Melsa Lutomia, Jane Loech, and Elizabeth Washika

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Improving the documentation of female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C) abandonment interventions and their evaluations, Caroline W. Kabiru

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Increasing role of abstinence and infecundity in non-use of contraceptive methods in India, Preeti Dhillon, Govind Singh, Faujdar Ram, Pradeep Kumar, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Infection prevention preparedness and practices for female sterilization services within primary care facilities in Northern India, Abhishek Kumar, Abhishek Gautam, Arnab Dey, Ruhi Saith, U Uttamacharya, Pranita Achyut, Vandana Gautam, Dinesh Agarwal, Amit Chakraverty, Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, Ravi K. Verma, Priya Nanda, Suneeta Krishnan, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Introduction of DMPA-SC self-injection in Ghana: A feasibility and acceptability study using Sayana® Press, Dela Nai, Patrick Aboagye, Kamil Fuseini, Elizabeth Tobey, Aparna Jain, Nora Maresh, and Rebecca Fertziger

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Looking at the bigger picture: Effect of performance-based contracting of district health services on equity of access to maternal health services in Zambia, Collins Chansa, Mulenga Mukanu, Chitalu Miriam Chama-Chiliba, Mpuma Kamanga, Nicholas Chikwenya, Benjamin Bellows, and Naasegnibe Kuunibe

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Modelling and mapping of regional disparities associated with female genital mutilation/cutting prevalence among girls aged 0–14 Years in Senegal: Evidence from Senegal (SDHS) Surveys 2005–2017, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Paul Komba, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, and Dennis Matanda

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Modelling and mapping of state disparities associated with female genital mutilation/cutting prevalence among girls aged 0–14 years in Nigeria: Evidence from DHS and MICS 2003–2017, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Paul Komba, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, and Dennis Matanda

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No to circumcision’: The road to effective social marketing campaigns in Egypt [Arabic], Salma Abou Hussein and Sarah Ghattass

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Pattern and correlates of out-of-pocket payment (OOP) on female sterilization in India, 1990–2014, Sanjay Kumar Mohanty, Suyash Mishra, Sayantani Chatterjee, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Reflections from Five Years of Research on FGM/C, Lori S. Ashford, Reshma Naik, and Charlotte Greenbaum

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Replication data for: The relationship between attitudes towards pregnancy and contraceptive continuation: Results from a longitudinal study of married women in India, Elizabeth Tobey, Aparna Jain, and Arupendra Mozumdar

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The benefits and limitations of donating new contraceptive technology: The case of the International Contraceptive Access (ICA) Foundation and the LNG IUS Program in Brazil, Laura Miranda, John Townsend, Anibal Faundes, and Luis Bahamondes

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The community health system in Bangladesh: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in Haiti: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The relationship between attitudes towards pregnancy and contraceptive continuation: Results from a longitudinal study of married women in India, Elizabeth Tobey, Aparna Jain, and Arupendra Mozumdar

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The use of case advocates to manage child survivors of sexual violence in public health facilities in Kenya: A qualitative study exploring the perceptions of child survivors, care givers and health care providers, Lina Digolo, Carol Ajema, Millicent Kiruki, Maryline Mireku, Ronald Kotut, and Chi-Chi Undie

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Tracing change in female genital mutilation/cutting through social networks: An intersectional analysis of the influence of gender, generation, status, and structural inequality, Amadou Moreau and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Two implementation models of workers' health education programs in Egypt: What works? What doesn't work?, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Norhan Bader, Elizabeth Tobey, and Aparna Jain

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Understanding female genital mutilation/cutting abandonment in Egypt, Nada Wahba, Hania El Banhawi, and Amira El Ayouti

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Understanding local variation in how female genital mutilation/cutting declines, changes, or persists: Analysis of household survey data for Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal, Population Reference Bureau

Submissions from 2019

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Abortion among married young women: Findings from a community-based study in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, India, A.J. Francis Zavier, K.G. Santhya, and Shireen J. Jejeebhoy

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A conceptual framework for measuring community health workforce performance within primary health care systems, Smisha Agarwal, Pooja Sripad, Caroline Johnson, Karen Kirk, Benjamin Bellows, Joseph Ana, Vince Blaser, Meghan Bruce Kumar, Kathleen Buchholz, Alain Casseus, Nan Chen, Hannah Sarah Faich Dini, Rachel Hoy Deussom, David Jacobstein, Richard Kintu, Nazo Kureshy, Lory Meoli, Lilian Otiso, Neil Pakenham-Walsh, Jérôme Pfaffmann Zambruni, Mallika Raghavan, Ryan Schwarz, John Townsend, Brittney Varpilah, William Weiss, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Adapted tool for the assessment of domestic violence against women in a low-income country setting: A reliability analysis, Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, and Augustine Ankomah

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Adding a question about method switching to the Method Information Index is a better predictor of contraceptive continuation, Aparna Jain, Kumudha Aruldas, Elizabeth Tobey, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Rajib Acharya

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Adding it up: Costs and benefits of meeting the contraceptive and maternal and newborn health needs of women in Pakistan, Aparna Sundaram, Rubina Hussain, Zeba Sathar, Sabahat Hussain, Emma Pliskin, and Eva Weissman

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A gender synchronized family planning intervention for married couples in rural India: Study protocol for the CHARM2 cluster randomized controlled trial evaluation, Anvita Dixit, Sarah Averbach, Jennifer Yore, Gennifer Kully, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Shahina Begum, Nicole E. Johns, Florin Vaida, Prashant Bharadwaj, Natalie Wyss, Niranjan Saggurti, Jay G. Silverman, and Anita Raj

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An assessment of human resources for health hiring, deployment and retention, procedures and practices in Cross river and Bauchi states, Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, Akinwumi Akinola, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, Aisha Jibril, and George I. Eluwa

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A new approach to assess the capability of health facilities to provide clinical care for sexual violence against women: A pilot study, Mardieh Dennis, Onikepe Owolabi, Jenny A. Cresswell, Nachela Chelwa, Manuela Colombini, Bellington Vwalika, Michael Mbizvo, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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Antihypertensive drugs, Population Council

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Are interventions focused on gender-norms effective in preventing domestic violence against women in low and lower-middle income countries? A systematic review and meta-analysis, Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, Gezahegn Tesfaye, and Augustine Ankomah

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A spatial analysis of the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting among 0–14-year-old girls in Kenya, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Paul Komba, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, Gerry Mackie, and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Assessing quality of care and outcomes for women and their Infants in Nigeria after pregnancies complicated by hypertensive disorders, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Gloria Adoyi, Innocent Agbo, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Assessing the effect of a primary health care intervention for improving pre-eclampsia and eclampsia knowledge and practice in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Shongkour Roy, Kanij Sultana, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Assessing the feasibility of primary health care provider prescription of anti-hypertensive medication to pregnant women in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Kanij Sultana, Shongkour Roy, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Assessing the role of women’s autonomy and acceptability of intimate-partner violence in maternal health-care utilization in 63 low- and middle-income countries, Pooja Sripad, Charlotte E. Warren, Michelle J. Hindin, and Mahesh Karra

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Assessment of in-service training and continuing education (IST/CE) for frontline health workers in Bauchi and Cross River states, Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Iliyasu Zubairu, Udoh Nsekpong, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Associations between FGM/C and HIV in Ethiopia, the Gambia, Kenya, and Sierra Leone: A limited analysis of Demographic and Health Survey data, Yetunde A. Noah Pinheiro, Zhuzhi Moore, and David Gathara

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Bangladesh, Pooja Sripad, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Charity Ndwiga, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Ethiopia, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Kenya, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Nigeria, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Child marriage in Ghana: Evidence from a multi-method study, Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi, Kamil Fuseini, Dela Nai, Erika Goldson, Selina Owusu, Ismail Ndifuna, Icilda Humes, and Placide Tapsoba

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Choice of contraceptive methods in public and private facilities in rural India, Arupendra Mozumdar, Vandana Gautam, Abhishek Gautam, Arnab Dey, U Uttamacharya, Ruhi Saith, Pranita Achyut, Abhishek Kumar, Kumudha Aruldas, Amit Chakraverty, Dinesh Agarwal, Ravi K. Verma, Priya Nanda, Suneeta Krishnan, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Collaboration with the University of Calabar for human resources for health management training for Bauchi and Cross River states, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Comprehensive sexuality education for adolescents in Zambia via the mobile-optimized website TuneMe: A content analysis, Erin Rogers, Kshipra Hemal, Zangose Tembo, Mulenga Mukanu, Michael Mbizvo, and Benjamin Bellows

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Contraception and public health ethics, Saumya RamaRao and John Townsend

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Cost and cost-effectiveness of health behavior change interventions implemented with self-help groups in Bihar, India, S. Chandrashekar, S. Saha, B. Varghese, L. Mohan, G. Shetty, Akash Porwal, Avishek Hazra, Subrato Mondal, and Rajshree Das

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Dataset: Layering a health, nutrition and sanitation program through community mobilizers within microfinance groups: An assessment from Bihar, Laili Irani

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Dataset: Validating indicators of family planning, maternal and newborn care—Cambodia, Bangladesh and Kenya, Ann K. Blanc

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Decision-making in the practice of female genital mutilation or cutting in Sudan: A cross-sectional study, Majdi Sabahelzain, Ahmed Gamal Eldin, Suad Babiker, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Muna Eltayeb

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Detecting and managing hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: A cross-sectional analysis of the quality of antenatal care in Nigeria, Angela Salomon, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Karen Kirk, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Dietary adequacy among young children in India: Improvement or stagnation? An investigation from the National Family Health Survey, Nizamuddin Khan, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Supreet Kaur

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Do Indian women receive adequate information about contraception?, Md. Juel Rana and Anrudh K. Jain

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Effect of behavioral change intervention around new-born care practices among most marginalized women in self-help groups in rural India: Analyses of three cross-sectional surveys between 2013 and 2016, Niranjan Saggurti, Akash Porwal, Yamini Atmavilas, Monika Walia, Rajshree Das, and Laili Irani

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Effects of health behaviour change intervention through women's self-help groups on maternal and newborn health practices and related inequalities in rural India: A quasi-experimental study, Avishek Hazra, Yamini Atmavilas, Katherine Hay, Niranjan Saggurti, Raj Kumar Verma, Jaleel Ahmad, Sampath Kumar, P.S. Mohanan, Dileep V. Mavalankar, and Laili Irani

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Engaging community women’s groups to improve maternal health care delivery in Cross River: Implementation research report, Pooja Sripad, Emmanuel Nwala, Tracy McClair, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Enhancing customer satisfaction for health services, Deepa Rajamani and Saumya RamaRao

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Evaluating quality of contraceptive counseling: An analysis of the Method Information Index, Karen T. Chang, Mulenga Mukanu, Benjamin Bellows, Waqas Hameed, Amanda Kalamar, Karen A. Grépin, Xaher Gul, and Nirali M. Chakraborty

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Expanding services to detect, manage, and prevent pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Tando Allahyar District of Sindh Province, Pakistan, Ali M. Mir, Irfan Masood, Mumraiz Khan, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Tracy McClair, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Factors influencing satisfaction with oral contraceptive pills and injectables among past users in Kenya, George Odwe, Joyce Mumah, Francis Obare, Marylene Wamukoya, Kazuyo Machiyama, John C. Cleland, and John B. Casterline

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Feasibility and acceptability of community health extension workers to identify and treat hypertension associated with pregnancy: Implementation research report, Emmanuel Nwala, Udochisom Anaba, Pooja Sripad, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, and Charlotte E. Warren

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FGM/C and ECM: Drawing lessons from research, Jacinta Muteshi-Strachan

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Gender and Power Metrics database, Population Council

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Health care providers’ and mothers’ perceptions about the medicalization of female genital mutilation or cutting in Egypt: A cross-sectional qualitative study, Omaima El-Gibaly, Mirette Aziz, and Salma Abou Hussein

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Health financing and family planning in the context of Universal Health Care: Connecting the discourse, Gabrielle Appleford and Saumya RamaRao

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Health financing and family planning in the context of universal health care: Connecting the discourse in Kenya, Gabrielle Appleford and Saumya RamaRao

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Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: Assessing postnatal quality of care and outcomes for women and their infants in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Kanij Sultana, Salma Rouf, Rabeya Akter, Shongkour Roy, Sumaiya Anwar, Karen Kirk, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Implementing components of the PHC for PE/E model in Nigeria: A cost analysis, Pooja Sripad, Sara Chace Dwyer, and Gloria Adoyi

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Implementing components of the PHC for PE/E Model in Pakistan: A cost analysis, Ali M. Mir, Mumraiz Khan, Pooja Sripad, and Sara Chace Dwyer

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Implementing components of the primary health care pre-eclampsia/eclampsia model in Bangladesh: A cost analysis, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Pooja Sripad, and Sara Chace Dwyer

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India's family planning market and opportunities for the private sector: An analysis using the total market approach, Arupendra Mozumdar, Rajib Acharya, Subrato Mondal, Amit Arun Shah, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Initiation and continuity of maternal healthcare: Examining the role of vouchers and user-fee removal on maternal health service use in Kenya, Mardieh Dennis, Lenka Benova, Timothy Abuya, Matteo Quartagno, Benjamin Bellows, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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Integration of HIV testing services into family planning services: A systematic review, Manjulaa Narasimhan, Ping Teresa Yeh, Sabina A. Haberlen, Charlotte E. Warren, and Caitlin E. Kennedy

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Is economic inequality in family planning in India associated with the private sector?, Abhishek Kumar, Anrudh K. Jain, Kumudha Aruldas, Arupendra Mozumdar, Ankita Shukla, Rajib Acharya, Faujdar Ram, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Is there a relationship between female genital mutilation/cutting and fistula? A statistical analysis using cross-sectional data from Demographic and Health Surveys in 10 sub-Saharan Africa countries, Dennis Matanda, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

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Maternal mortality due to eclampsia in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Identifying underlying risk factors, and care-seeking behaviours, Ali M. Mir, Stephen Pearson, Saleem Shaikh, Mumraiz Khan, Irfan Masood, and Sabahat Hussain

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Measurement of the sexual health and wellbeing of women who have undergone female genital mutilation/cutting: A scoping review, Tammary Esho, Samuel K. Muniu, Mohamed Yussuf, Chantalle Okondo, and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Medical and non-medical reasons for cesarean section delivery in Egypt: A hospital-based retrospective study, Shatha El-Nakib, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Doaa Oraby, and Nevine Hassanein

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Meeting report of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region's Regional Training Facility: Working with the police sector to meet the needs of sexual violence survivors in the Great Lakes Region, Nathan Byamukama, Chi-Chi Undie, Sharon Asiimwe, George Odwe, Nachela Chelwa, Harriet Birungi, and Michael Mbizvo

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Mise en œuvre des composantes du modèle ssp pour la PE / E au Nigéria : une analyse des coûts, Pooja Sripad, Sara Chace Dwyer, and Gloria Adoyi

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"No to circumcision": The road to effective social marketing campaigns in Egypt, Salma Abou Hussein and Sarah Ghattass