The Population Council's Reproductive Health program strives to improve sexual and reproductive health, especially for vulnerable people in developing countries. We help individuals to achieve their family planning and reproductive health goals through improvements in technologies and services. We work to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity and to improve equity and quality in the delivery of care.

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Submissions from 2019

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A conceptual framework for measuring community health workforce performance within primary health care systems, Smisha Agarwal, Pooja Sripad, Caroline Johnson, Karen Kirk, Benjamin Bellows, Joseph Ana, Vince Blaser, Meghan Bruce Kumar, Kathleen Buchholz, Alain Casseus, Nan Chen, Hannah Sarah Faich Dini, Rachel Hoy Deussom, David Jacobstein, Richard Kintu, Nazo Kureshy, Lory Meoli, Lilian Otiso, Neil Pakenham-Walsh, Jérôme Pfaffmann Zambruni, Mallika Raghavan, Ryan Schwarz, John Townsend, Brittney Varpilah, William Weiss, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Adapted tool for the assessment of domestic violence against women in a low-income country setting: A reliability analysis, Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, and Augustine Ankomah

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Adding a question about method switching to the Method Information Index is a better predictor of contraceptive continuation, Aparna Jain, Kumudha Aruldas, Elizabeth Tobey, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Rajib Acharya

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An assessment of human resources for health hiring, deployment and retention, procedures and practices in Cross river and Bauchi states, Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, Akinwumi Akinola, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, Aisha Jibril, and George I. Eluwa

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A new approach to assess the capability of health facilities to provide clinical care for sexual violence against women: A pilot study, Mardieh Dennis, Onikepe Owolabi, Jenny A. Cresswell, Nachela Chelwa, Manuela Colombini, Bellington Vwalika, Michael Mbizvo, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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Assessing the role of women’s autonomy and acceptability of intimate-partner violence in maternal health-care utilization in 63 low- and middle-income countries, Pooja Sripad, Charlotte E. Warren, Michelle J. Hindin, and Mahesh Karra

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Assessment of in-service training and continuing education (IST/CE) for frontline health workers in Bauchi and Cross River states, Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Iliyasu Zubairu, Udoh Nsekpong, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Collaboration with the University of Calabar for human resources for health management training for Bauchi and Cross River states, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Comprehensive sexuality education for adolescents in Zambia via the mobile-optimized website TuneMe: A content analysis, Erin Rogers, Kshipra Hemal, Zangose Tembo, Mulenga Mukanu, Michael Mbizvo, and Benjamin Bellows

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Contraception and public health ethics, Saumya RamaRao and John Townsend

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Cost and cost-effectiveness of health behavior change interventions implemented with self-help groups in Bihar, India, S. Chandrashekar, S. Saha, B. Varghese, L. Mohan, G. Shetty, Akash Porwal, Avishek Hazra, Subrato Mondal, and Rajshree Das

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Dataset: Layering a health, nutrition and sanitation program through community mobilizers within microfinance groups: An assessment from Bihar, Laili Irani

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Decision-making in the practice of female genital mutilation or cutting in Sudan: A cross-sectional study, Majdi Sabahelzain, Ahmed Gamal Eldin, Suad Babiker, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Muna Eltayeb

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Detecting and managing hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: A cross-sectional analysis of the quality of antenatal care in Nigeria, Angela Salomon, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Karen Kirk, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Dietary adequacy among young children in India: Improvement or stagnation? An investigation from the National Family Health Survey, Nizamuddin Khan, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Supreet Kaur

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Do Indian women receive adequate information about contraception?, Md. Juel Rana and Anrudh K. Jain

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Effect of behavioral change intervention around new-born care practices among most marginalized women in self-help groups in rural India: Analyses of three cross-sectional surveys between 2013 and 2016, Niranjan Saggurti, Akash Porwal, Yamini Atmavilas, Monika Walia, Rajshree Das, and Laili Irani

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Effects of health behaviour change intervention through women's self-help groups on maternal and newborn health practices and related inequalities in rural India: A quasi-experimental study, Avishek Hazra, Yamini Atmavilas, Katherine Hay, Niranjan Saggurti, Raj Kumar Verma, Jaleel Ahmad, Sampath Kumar, P.S. Mohanan, Dileep V. Mavalankar, and Laili Irani

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Enhancing customer satisfaction for health services, Deepa Rajamani and Saumya RamaRao

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Evaluating quality of contraceptive counseling: An analysis of the Method Information Index, Karen T. Chang, Mulenga Mukanu, Benjamin Bellows, Waqas Hameed, Amanda Kalamar, Karen A. Grépin, Xaher Gul, and Nirali M. Chakraborty

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Factors influencing satisfaction with oral contraceptive pills and injectables among past users in Kenya, George Odwe, Joyce Mumah, Francis Obare, Marylene Wamukoya, Kazuyo Machiyama, John C. Cleland, and John B. Casterline

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Gender and Power Metrics database, Population Council

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Health financing and family planning in the context of Universal Health Care: Connecting the discourse, Gabrielle Appleford and Saumya RamaRao

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Health financing and family planning in the context of universal health care: Connecting the discourse in Kenya, Gabrielle Appleford and Saumya RamaRao

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India's family planning market and opportunities for the private sector: An analysis using the total market approach, Arupendra Mozumdar, Rajib Acharya, Subrato Mondal, Amit Arun Shah, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Initiation and continuity of maternal healthcare: Examining the role of vouchers and user-fee removal on maternal health service use in Kenya, Mardieh Dennis, Lenka Benova, Timothy Abuya, Matteo Quartagno, Benjamin Bellows, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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Integration of HIV testing services into family planning services: A systematic review, Manjulaa Narasimhan, Ping Teresa Yeh, Sabina A. Haberlen, Charlotte E. Warren, and Caitlin E. Kennedy

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Is economic inequality in family planning in India associated with the private sector?, Abhishek Kumar, Anrudh K. Jain, Kumudha Aruldas, Arupendra Mozumdar, Ankita Shukla, Rajib Acharya, Faujdar Ram, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Is there a relationship between female genital mutilation/cutting and fistula? A statistical analysis using cross-sectional data from Demographic and Health Surveys in 10 sub-Saharan Africa countries, Dennis Matanda, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

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Maternal mortality due to eclampsia in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Identifying underlying risk factors, and care-seeking behaviours, Ali M. Mir, Stephen Pearson, Saleem Shaikh, Mumraiz Khan, Irfan Masood, and Sabahat Hussain

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Measurement of the sexual health and wellbeing of women who have undergone female genital mutilation/cutting: A scoping review, Tammary Esho, Samuel K. Muniu, Mohamed Yussuf, Chantalle Okondo, and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Population Council's support for Nigeria's third national Human Resources for Health conference and efforts to institutionalize HRH conferences in Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Positioning family planning quality within health financing for UHC: Connecting the discourse, Gabrielle Appleford, Saumya RamaRao, Benjamin Bellows, and Leah Jarvis

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Reducing barriers to accessing fistula repair: Implementation research in Uganda, Justus Barageine, Charity Ndwiga, Hassan Kanakulya, and Pooja Sripad

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Reference guide: Factorial focus group analysis methods for studying social norm change, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Amadou Moreau, Katherine Wander, and Sarah Smith

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Reference guide for data collection: Qualitative social network interviews, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Amadou Moreau, Sarah Smith, and Holly B. Shakya

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Setting the global research agenda for community health systems: Literature and consultative review, Smisha Agarwal, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, Benjamin Bellows, Timothy Abuya, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Spousal violence against women in India: A social–ecological analysis using data from the National Family Health Survey 2015 to 2016, Jaleel Ahmad, Nizamuddin Khan, and Arupendra Mozumdar

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Stigma as a barrier to family planning use among married youth in Ethiopia, Aparna Jain, Hussein Ismail, Elizabeth Tobey, and Annabel Erulkar

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Strengthening Bauchi State College of Nursing and Midwifery by updating its training curricula, procedure manuals and student handbooks, Ekechi Okereke, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Strengthening Cross River state schools of nursing and midwifery by updating their training curricula, procedure manuals and student handbooks, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, and Aisha Jibril

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Strengthening in-service training and continuing education (IST/CE) for frontline health workers for Bauchi and Cross River states, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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The extent to which performance-based financing programs' operations manuals reflect rights-based principles: Implications for family planning services, Marie S. Cole, Victoria Boydell, Karen Hardee, and Benjamin Bellows

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The medicalisation of female genital mutilation/cutting in Kenya: Perspectives of families and health care providers, Population Council

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Tracing change in female genital mutilation/cutting: Shifting norms and practices among communities in Narok and Kisii counties, Kenya—Brief, Dennis Matanda, Chantalle Okondo, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Using Demographic and Health Surveys in the campaign to end FGM/C: A Kenyan example, Dennis Matanda and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Utilization of maternal health services and its determinants: A cross-sectional study among women in rural Uttar Pradesh, India, Ranjana Singh, Sutapa B. Neogi, Avishek Hazra, Laili Irani, Jenny Ruducha, Danish Ahmad, Sampath Kumar, Neelakshi Mann, and Dileep V. Mavalankar

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Validation of two quality of care measures: Results from a longitudinal study of reversible contraceptive users in India, Aparna Jain, Kumudha Aruldas, Arupendra Mozumdar, Elizabeth Tobey, and Rajib Acharya

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Who pays and how much? A cross-sectional study of out-of-pocket payment for modern contraception in Kenya, Emma Radovich, Mardieh Dennis, Edwine Barasa, Francesca L. Cavallaro, Kerry LM Wong, Josephine Borghi, Caroline A. Lynch, Mark Lyons-Amos, Timothy Abuya, and Lenka Benova

Submissions from 2018

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Accelerate progress—Sexual and reproductive health and rights for all: Report of the Guttmacher–Lancet Commission, Ann M. Starrs, Alex C. Ezeh, Gary Barker, Alaka Malwade Basu, Jane T. Bertrand, Robert W. Blum, Awa M. Coll-Seck, Anand Grover, Laura Laski, Monica Roa, Zeba Sathar, Lale Say, Gamal I. Serour, Susheela Singh, Karin Stenberg, Marleen Temmerman, Ann E. Biddlecom, Anna Popinchalk, Cynthia Summers, and Lori S. Ashford

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Accelerating uptake of voluntary, rights-based family planning in developing countries, Kazuyo Machiyama, Francis Obare, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Doris Chou, Mario Festin, Rajat Khosla, James Kiarie, Lale Say, and Nandita Thatte

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Accélérer l’adoption de la planification familiale volontaire et fondée sur les droits dans les pays en développement, Kazuyo Machiyama, Francis Obare, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Doris Chou, Mario Festin, Rajat Khosla, James Kiarie, Lale Say, and Nandita Thatte

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Ambivalence in pregnancy intentions: The effect of quality of care and context among a cohort of women attending family planning clinics in Kenya, Eliud Wekesa, Ian Askew, and Timothy Abuya

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A new composite index to measure national-level quality of family planning programs, Anrudh K. Jain

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Assessing the community-level impact of a decade of user fee policy shifts on health facility deliveries in Kenya, 2003-2014, Francis Obare, Timothy Abuya, Dennis Matanda, and Benjamin Bellows

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Assessing the feasibility and acceptability of community health extension workers to treat hypertension associated with pregnancy: An analysis of post-intervention findings, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Attitudes towards help-seeking for sexual and gender-based violence in humanitarian settings: The case of Rwamwanja refugee settlement scheme in Uganda, George Odwe, Chi-Chi Undie, and Francis Obare

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Balancing paid work and child care in a slum of Nairobi, Kenya: The case for centre-based child care, Shelley Clark, Midanna De Almada, Caroline W. Kabiru, Stella Muthuri, and Milka Wanjohi

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Baseline evaluation of Project Mesha in Bihar: Factsheet results 2017-2018, Population Council

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Can a gender equity and family planning intervention for men change their gender ideology? Results from the CHARM intervention in rural India, Paul Fleming, Jay G. Silverman, Mohan Ghule, Julie Ritter, Madhusudana Battala, Gajanan Velhal, Saritha Nair, Anindita Dasgupta, Balaiah Donta, Niranjan Saggurti, and Anita Raj

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Cesarean section deliveries in Egypt: Trends, practices, perceptions, and cost, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Doaa Oraby, Nevine Hassanein, and Shatha El-Nakib

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Changes in FGM/C in Somaliland: Medical narrative driving shift in types of cutting, Richard A. Powell and Mohamed Yussuf

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Changes in household well being and resilience: The role of population, family planning and reproductive health in the Tuungane Project, Kristen P. Patterson

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Closing the gap between people and programs: Lessons from implementation of social accountability for family planning and reproductive health in Uganda, Victoria Boydell, Stella Neema, Kelsey Wright, and Karen Hardee

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Collaborative work with Somaliland stakeholders to increase evidence based decision making in FGM/C, Chantalle Okondo

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Condom use at last sex by young men in Ethiopia: The effect of descriptive and injunctive norms, Aparna Jain, Elizabeth Tobey, Hussein Ismail, and Annabel Erulkar

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Dataset: Evaluating the impact of the Parivartan project in improving maternal and child health behaviors among women in self-help groups in Bihar, Niranjan Saggurti and Laili Irani

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Dataset: Evaluating the impact of the Uttar Pradesh Community Mobilization Project in improving maternal and child health behaviors in self-help groups in Uttar Pradesh, India, Laili Irani

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Dataset: Evaluation of the impact of removal of user fees for maternal health services on universal health coverage in Kenya, Timothy Abuya, Dennis Matanda, Francis Obare, and Benjamin Bellows

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Dataset: Time use patterns of women in rural Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, Laili Irani

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Developing strategies to address contraceptive needs of adolescents: Exploring patterns of use among sexually active adolescents in 46 low- and middle-income countries, Amanda Kalamar, Özge Tunçalp, and Michelle J. Hindin

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Does supportive legislation guarantee access to pregnancy termination and postabortion care services? Findings from a facility census in Central Province, Zambia, Jenny A. Cresswell, Onikepe Owolabi, Nachela Chelwa, Mardieh Dennis, Sabine Gabrysch, Bellington Vwalika, Michael Mbizvo, Veronique Filippi, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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Do women find the progesterone vaginal ring acceptable? Findings from Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal, Saumya RamaRao, Francis Obare, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Babacar Mane, Heather Clark, Wilson Liambila, Godwin Unumeri, Harriet Birungi, Nafissatou Diop, Deepa Rajamani, and John Townsend

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Dynamics of injectable contraceptive use in India, The Evidence Project

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Dynamics of interval IUD use in India, The Evidence Project

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Dynamics of oral contraceptive pill use in India, The Evidence Project

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Dynamics of postpartum IUD use in India, The Evidence Project

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Effect of health intervention integration within women's self-help groups on collectivization and healthy practices around reproductive, maternal, neonatal and child health in rural India, Niranjan Saggurti, Yamini Atmavilas, Akash Porwal, Janine Schooley, Rajshree Das, Narender Kande, Laili Irani, and Katherine Hay

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Élargissement du choix des contraceptifs, Heather Clark, Saumya RamaRao, Catherine Unthank, Kazuyo Machiyama, and Nandita Thatte

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Ending Eclampsia: PHC PH/E_plus Model, Charlotte E. Warren

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Engaging community women's groups for improved uptake of antenatal care services in Cross River State, Nigeria: An analysis of post-intervention findings, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Ensuring adequate financing of family planning commodities and services, Moazzam Ali and Benjamin Bellows

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Evaluating the impact of a maternal health voucher programme on service use before and after the introduction of free maternity services in Kenya: A quasi-experimental study, Mardieh Dennis, Timothy Abuya, Oona M.R. Campbell, Lenka Benova, Angela Baschieri, Matteo Quartagno, and Benjamin Bellows

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Expanding access to family planning for married adolescent girls in the urban slums of Dhaka, Fauzia Akhter Huda and Nancy Termini LaChance

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Expanding contraceptive choice, Heather Clark, Saumya RamaRao, Catherine Unthank, Kazuyo Machiyama, and Nandita Thatte

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Expanding the evidence base and networks for sexual violence response in East and Southern Africa—Completion report for the period May 2014–February 2018, Population Council

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Exploring meaning and types of trust in maternity care in peri-urban Kenya: A qualitative cross-perspective analysis, Pooja Sripad, Sachiko Ozawa, Maria W. Merritt, Larissa Jennings, Deanna Kerrigan, Charity Ndwiga, Timothy Abuya, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Exploring the Nigerian health system's response to female genital mutilation/cutting, Otibho Obianwu

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Feasibility of patent and proprietary medicine vendor provision of injectable contraceptives: Preliminary results from implementation science research in Oyo and Nasarawa, Nigeria, Sara Chace Dwyer, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Faizah Okunade, Laura Reichenbach, and Aparna Jain

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Fertility regulation as identity maintenance: Understanding the social aspects of birth control, Cicely Marston, Alicia Renedo, and Gertrude Nyaaba

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FGM/C decision-making process and the role of gender power relations in Sudan, Ahmed Gamal Eldin, Suad Babiker, Majdi Sabahelzain, and Muna Eltayeb

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Financement de la planification familiale, Moazzam Ali and Benjamin Bellows

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Findings from post-intervention analysis of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Cross River State, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Findings from post-intervention analysis of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Ebonyi State, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Findings from post-intervention analysis of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Kogi State, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Harmonizing national abortion and pregnancy prevention laws and policies for sexual violence survivors with the Maputo Protocol: Proceedings of a 2016 regional technical meeting in sub-Saharan Africa, Jill Thompson, Chi-Chi Undie, Avni Amin, Brooke R. Johnson, Rajat Khosla, Leopold Ouedraogo, Triphonie Nkurunziza, Sara Rich, Elizabeth Westley, Melissa Garcia, Harriet Birungi, and Ian Askew

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Health sector inadequacies in attending to child survivors of sexual abuse in Kenya: An operations research, Carol Ajema, Chi-Chi Undie, Charity Mbugua, Jordan Kyongo, and Lina Digolo

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How are educated women in Ghana regulating fertility without high levels of modern contraceptive use?, Kazuyo Machiyama, Cicely Marston, Nancy Termini LaChance, Terence Adda-Balinia, and Placide Tapsoba

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Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: ISSHP classification, diagnosis, and management recommendations for international practice, Mark A. Brown, Laura A. Magee, Louise C. Kenny, S. Ananth Karumanchi, Fergus P. McCarthy, Shigeru Saito, David R. Hall, Charlotte E. Warren, Gloria Adoyi, and Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Improving access to delivery care and reducing the equity gap through voucher program in Bangladesh: Evidence from difference-in-differences analysis, Kaji Tamanna Keya, Benjamin Bellows, Ubaidur Rob, and Charlotte E. Warren