The Population Council's Reproductive Health program strives to improve sexual and reproductive health, especially for vulnerable people in developing countries. We help individuals to achieve their family planning and reproductive health goals through improvements in technologies and services. We work to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity and to improve equity and quality in the delivery of care.

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Submissions from 2021

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Abortion self-care: A forward-looking solution to inequitable access, Lucía Vázquez Quesada, Ankita Shukla, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, Rajib Acharya, and Saumya RamaRao

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Addressing contraceptive needs exacerbated by COVID-19: A call for increasing choice and access to self-managed methods, Lisa Haddad, Saumya RamaRao, Avishek Hazra, Harriet Birungi, and James Sailer

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Advancements in postpartum hemorrhage care (APPHC): Overview of portfolio development and research studies in Madagascar, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Advancements in postpartum hemorrhage care (APPHC): Overview of portfolio development and research studies in Malawi, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Advancing postpartum hemorrhage care (APPHC): Partnership approach and portfolio overview, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Analysing normative influences on the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting among 0–14 years old girls in Senegal: A spatial bayesian hierarchical regression approach, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Paul Komba, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, and Dennis Matanda

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Assessing the performance of community health workers in Haiti: Key findings from a mixed-methods study, Frontline Health Project and Zanmi Lasante

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Barriers inhibiting effective detection and management of postpartum hemorrhage during facility-based births in Madagascar: Findings from a qualitative study using a behavioral science lens, Sara V. Flanagan, Tina Razafinamanana, Charlotte E. Warren, and Jana Smith

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Beliefs about children and the psychosocial implications of infertility on individuals seeking assisted fertilization in Ghana, Josephine M. Kyei, Adom Manu, Agnes M. Kotoh, Charles Ampong Adjei, and Augustine Ankomah

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Can social listening and social media monitoring benefit your SBC activities?, Rachel Yavinsky, Martha Silva, and Leanne Dougherty

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Changes in community knowledge and attitudes related to female genital fistula following the implementation of a multi-component intervention in Nigeria and Uganda, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, Emmanuel Nwala, George Odwe, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Chipatala cha pa Foni, Malawi's 'Health Center by Phone,' improving information given about pregnancy-related symptoms, Breakthrough RESEARCH and VillageReach

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Community-based postnatal care services for women and newborns in Kenya: An opportunity to improve quality and access?, Brady Zieman, Timothy Abuya, Daniel Mwanga, John Wanyungu, Charlotte E. Warren, and Pooja Sripad

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Considerations and guidance for using routine and program monitoring data for social and behavior change evaluation, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Costing social and behavior change programming: The role of the denominator, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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COVID-19 pandemic: A call to action, a time to respond, Saumya RamaRao

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Development and validation of a multi-dimensional scale to assess community health worker motivation, Ann Gottert, Tracy McClair, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Sina Pascal Dakouo, Timothy Abuya, Karen Kirk, Benjamin Bellows, Smisha Agarwal, Sarah Kennedy, Charlotte E. Warren, and Pooja Sripad

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Diet diversity among pregnant women and young children—Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

Drivers of teenage pregnancy: A qualitative assessment, Michael Mbizvo, Nelly-Claire Muntalima, Nachela Chelwa, Kondwani Kasonda, Edith S. Namukonda, Chifundo Phiri, Natasha Okpara, Ronald Mungoni, and Nancy Choka

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Editorial: Advancing community health measurement, policy, and practice, Benjamin Bellows and Charlotte E. Warren

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"Eternally restarting" or "a branch line of continuity"? Exploring consequences of external shocks on community health systems in Haiti, Pooja Sripad, Alain Casseus, Sarah Kennedy, Benito Isaac, Kenia Vissieres, Charlotte E. Warren, and Ralph Ternier

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Evaluating changes in the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting among 0-14 years old girls in Nigeria using data from multiple surveys: A novel Bayesian hierarchical spatio-temporal model, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Paul Komba, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, Dennis Matanda, Otibho Obianwu, and Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala

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Évaluation de la performance des agents de santé communautaires en Haïti: principales conclusions d’une étude à méthodologie mixte, Frontline Health Project and Zanmi Lasante

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Exploring community health worker roles, support, and experiences in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya, Frontline Health Project

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Haemoglobin thresholds to define anaemia in a national sample of healthy children and adolescents aged 1–19 years in India: A population-based study, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Akash Porwal, Rajib Acharya, Sana Ashraf, Sowmya Ramesh, Nizamuddin Khan, Umesh Kapil, Anura V. Kurpad, and Avina Sarna

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Improving primary health care delivery in Bihar, India: Learning from piloting and statewide scale-up of Ananya, Gary L. Darmstadt, Kevin T. Pepper, Victoria C. Ward, Sridhar Srikantiah, Tanmay Mahapatra, Usha Kiran Tarigopula, Debarshi Bhattacharya, Laili Irani, Janine Schooley, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Priyanka Dutt, Padmapriya Sastry, Radharani Mitra, Sara Chamberlain, Sophia Monaghan, Priya Nanda, Yamini Atmavilas, Niranjan Saggurti, Evan Borkum, Anu Rangarajan, Kala M. Mehta, Safa Abdalla, Jess Wilhelm, Yingjie Weng, Suzan L. Carmichael, Hina Raheel, Jason Bentley, Wolfgang Munar, Andreea A. Creanga, Shamik Trehan, Dilys Walker, and Hemant Shah

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Kebbi State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Sokoto State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Zamfara State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing modern contraceptive use among women in Kebbi State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing modern contraceptive use among women in Sokoto State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing modern contraceptive use among women in Zamfara State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Intraindividual double-burden of anthropometric undernutrition and “metabolic obesity” in Indian children: A paradox that needs action, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Akash Porwal, Avina Sarna, Rajib Acharya, Sowmya Ramesh, Umesh Kapil, and Anura V. Kurpad

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Introduction of digital reporting platform to integrate community-level data into health information systems is feasible and acceptable among various community health stakeholders: A mixed-methods pilot study in Mopti, Mali, Karen Kirk, Tracy McClair, Sina Pascal Dakouo, Timothy Abuya, and Pooja Sripad

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Karfafa amfani da kwayoyin hana daukar ciki na zamani a tsakanin mata a jihar Kebbi, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa amfani da kwayoyin hana daukar ciki na zamani a tsakanin mata a jihar Sokoto, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa amfani da kwayoyin hana daukar ciki na zamani a tsakanin mata a jihar Zamfara, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa neman maganin zazzabi da kulawa ga yara a tsakanin matan jihar Kebbi, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa neman maganin zazzabi da kulawa ga yara a tsakanin matan jihar Sokoto, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa neman maganin zazzabi da kulawa ga yara a tsakanin matan jihar Zamfara, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Lessons from Ghana to inform DMPA-SC safe storage and disposal, Elizabeth Tobey, Katey Peck, Dela Nai, Leah Jarvis, and Michelle J. Hindin

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Measuring barriers to fistula care: Investigating composite measures for targeted fistula programming in Nigeria and Uganda, Pooja Sripad, Elly Arnoff, Charlotte E. Warren, and Vandana Tripathi

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Measuring client trust in community health workers: A multi-country validation study, Pooja Sripad, Tracy McClair, Alain Casseus, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Timothy Abuya, and Ann Gottert

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Measuring quality of care at the community level using the contraceptive method information index plus and client reported experience metrics in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Pooja Sripad, Brady Zieman, Shongkour Roy, Sarah Kennedy, Md. Irfan Hossain, and Benjamin Bellows

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Metabolic syndrome following hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in a low-resource setting: A cohort study, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Karima Tunau, Oboirien A. Khadijat, Innocent Agbo, Lawal Oyeneyin, Jamilu Tukur, Joyce L. Browne, Gbenga A. Kayode, Azubuike K. Onyebuchi, Lamaran M. Dattijo, Baffah M. Aminu, Olorunfemi O. Owa, Patience O. Odusolu, Charlotte E. Warren, Hanifah D. Abubakar, Abdulkarim Musa, Arie Franx, and Diederick E. Grobbee

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Muslim men's perceptions and attitudes on family planning: A qualitative study in Wajir and Lamu counties in Kenya, Batula Abdi, Jerry Okal, Gamal I. Serour, and Marleen Temmerman

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Not all women who experience side effects discontinue their contraceptive method: Insights from a longitudinal study in India, Aparna Jain, Sara Chace Dwyer, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Elizabeth Tobey

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Pathways to service access for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in rural Bangladesh: Exploring women's care-seeking, Amy Dempsey, Pooja Sripad, Kanij Sultana, Karen Kirk, Sharif M.I. Hossain, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Perceptions of Ghanaian traditional health practitioners, primary health care workers, service users and caregivers regarding collaboration for mental health care, Solomon Nyame, Edward Adiibokah, Yasmin Mohammed, Victor C. Doku, Caleb Othieno, Benjamin Harris, Oye Gureje, Seedat Soraya, and John Appiah-Poku

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Plurality of beliefs about female genital mutilation amidst decades of intervention programming in Narok and Kisii Counties, Kenya, Dennis Matanda, Caroline W. Kabiru, Chantalle Okondo, and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Potential of organizing unmarried adolescent girls and young women into self-help groups for a better transition to adulthood: Findings from a cross-sectional study in India, Jaleel Ahmad, Avishek Hazra, Kumudha Aruldas, Arima Singh, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Preferred incentives for improving Ugandan community health worker job satisfaction and retention, Frontline Health Project

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Prevalence of low serum zinc concentrations in Indian children and adolescents: Findings from the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey 2016–18, Raghu Pullakhandam, Praween Kumar Agrawal, Rajini Peter, Santu Ghosh, G. Bhanuprakash Reddy, Bharati Kulkarni, Tinku Thomas, Anura V. Kurpad, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Akash Porwal, Nizamuddin Khan, Sowmya Ramesh, Rajib Acharya, Avina Sarna, Umesh Kapil, Hemalatha Rajkumar, Arjan De Wagt, Sila Deb, and Robert Johnston

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Research in forced displacement: Guidance for a feminist and decolonial approach, Neha S. Singh, Michelle Lokot, Chi-Chi Undie, Monica A. Onyango, Rosemary Morgan, Anne Harmer, Jane Freedman, and Shirin Heidari

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Strengthening social and behavior change measurement in the RISE II Program, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Strength in diversity: Integrating community in primary health care to advance universal health coverage, Charlotte E. Warren, Benjamin Bellows, Rachel Marcus, Jordan Downey, Sarah Kennedy, and Nazo Kureshy

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The Client Empowerment in Community Health Systems Scale: Development and validation in three countries, Tracy McClair, Pooja Sripad, Alain Casseus, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Timothy Abuya, and Ann Gottert

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The knowledge of danger signs of obstetric complications among women in rural India: Evaluating an integrated microfinance and health literacy program, Danish Ahmad, Itismita Mohanty, Avishek Hazra, and Theo Niyonsenga

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The role of unintended pregnancy in internalized stigma among women living with HIV in Kenya, Sara Chace Dwyer, Aparna Jain, Wilson Liambila, and Charlotte E. Warren

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The validity of women's reports of family planning service quality in Cambodia and Kenya, Ann K. Blanc, Katharine McCarthy, Charlotte E. Warren, Ashish Bajracharya, and Benjamin Bellows

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Treading the thin line: Pharmacy workers' perspectives on medication abortion provision in Lusaka, Zambia, Katharine Footman, Nachela Chelwa, Megan Douthwaite, James Mdala, Drosin Mulenga, Caila Brander, and Kathryn Church

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Understanding community health worker incentive preferences in Uganda using a discrete choice experiment, Smisha Agarwal, Timothy Abuya, Richard Kintu, Daniel Mwanga, Melvin Obadha, Shivani Pandya, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Using evidence to advocate for the professional growth of community health workers in Bangladesh, Frontline Health Project

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Waist Circumference, Waist-to-Height Ratio and BMI percentiles in children aged 5 to 19 years in India: A population-based study, Avina Sarna, Akash Porwal, Rajib Acharya, Sana Ashraf, Sowmya Ramesh, Nizamuddin Khan, Sikha Sinha, and Harshpal Singh Sachdev

Webinar: Community health measurement, learning, policy and practice, Frontline Health Project

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Why women do not use contraceptives: Exploring the role of male out-migration, Saradiya Mukherjee, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, and Niranjan Saggurti

Submissions from 2020

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Abortion service provision in South Asia: A comparative study of four countries, Susheela Singh, Aparna Sundaram, Altaf Hossain, Mahesh Puri, Zeba Sathar, Chander Shekhar, Marjorie Crowell, and Ann M. Moore

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Adaptation and validation of social accountability measures in the context of contraceptive services in Ghana and Tanzania, Victoria Boydell, Petrus S. Steyn, Joanna Paula Cordero, Ndema Habib, My Huong Nguyen, Dela Nai, and Donat Shamba

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system’s response to female genital mutilation/cutting management and prevention in Kenya, Samuel Kimani and Chantalle Okondo

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system's response to female genital mutilation/cutting management and prevention in Kenya: A case study of West Pokot County, Samuel Kimani

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system's response to FGM/C management and prevention in Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, Adetayo Adetunji, Mayokun Adediran, and Otibho Obianwu

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system's response to FGM/C management and prevention in Nigeria—Brief, Osasuyi Dirisu, Adetayo Adetunji, Mayokun Adediran, and Otibho Obianwu

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Adolescent fertility Is lower than expected in rural areas: Results from 10 African HDSS, Clementine Rossier, Bruno Schoumaker, Valérie Delaunay, Donatien Beguy, Aparna Jain, Martin Bangha, Alemseged Aregay, Baptiste Beck, Karim Derra, Modeste Millogo, Albert Dube, Kone Siaka, Marylene Wamukoya, and Pascal Zabre

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Appendices—Female genital mutilation/cutting: A review of laws and policies in Kenya and Nigeria, Samuel Kimani and Otibho Obianwu

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A primary health care model for managing pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in low- and middle- income countries, Charlotte E. Warren, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Deborah Armbruster, and Emily Hillman

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Asking and telling: An assessment of the feasibility of screening children for sexual violence in Kenyan school and health facility contexts, Chi-Chi Undie and Margaret Mak'anyengo

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Assessing community capacity strengthening to sustain integrated social behavior change programming in northwestern Nigeria, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Assessing the role of law in reducing the practise of FGM/C in Kenya, Agnes K. Meroka-Mutua, Daniel Mwanga, and Charles Owuor Olungah

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Association between modern contraceptive use and child mortality in India: A calendar data analysis of the National Family Health Survey (2015–16), Ankita Shukla, Abhishek Kumar, Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, Rajib Acharya, F. Ram, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Associations between female genital mutilation/cutting and early/child marriage: A multi-country DHS/MICS analysis, Jamlick Karumbi and David Gathara

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Availability, practices and acceptance of postabortion contraceptive services in health facilities: A study in six states of India, Harihar Sahoo, Melissa Stillman, Jennifer J. Frost, Rajib Acharya, and Rubina Hussain

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Barriers inhibiting detection and management of postpartum hemorrhage by providers in Madagascar, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Barriers to provision of respectful maternity care in Zambia: Results from a qualitative study through the lens of behavioral science, Jana Smith, Rachel Banay, Emily Zimmerman, Vivien Caetano, Maurice Musheke, and Ameck Kamanga

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Best Bets: Additional Funding for Family Planning—International evidence on financing of family planning, Zeba Sathar

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Best Bets for Accelerating Family Planning in Pakistan: Inducting men, sharing responsibility, Kiren Khan and Zeba Sathar

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Best Bets for Accelerating Family Planning in Pakistan: Invest in community health workers, Ali M. Mir and Kiren Khan

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Best Bets for Accelerating Family Planning in Pakistan: The case for engaging family physicians and the for-profit private sector, Ashfaq Rehman and Anam Malkani

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Best Bets: Vouchers for Rights-based, Voluntary Family Planning—International evidence on financing of family planning, Benjamin Bellows, Moazzam Ali, and Ali M. Mir

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Beyond wifehood: Harnessing local gender ideologies to inform public health interventions in Africa, Chi-Chi Undie and Chimaraoke O. Izugbara

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Breastfeeding: Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change research, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Care-seeking and treatment for sick children—Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Challenges and opportunities for effective contraceptive counselling in a low-resource setting: Insights from a qualitative study in western Kenya, Francis Obare, George Odwe, and John C. Cleland

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Challenges and prospects for implementation of community health volunteers’ digital health solutions in Kenya: A qualitative study, Pauline Bakibinga, Eva Kamande, Lyagamula Kisia, Milka Omuya, Dennis Matanda, and Catherine Kyobutungi

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Challenges experienced by clients undergoing assisted reproductive technology in Ghana: An exploratory descriptive study, Josephine M. Kyei, Abubakar Manu, Agnes M. Kotoh, Salima Meherali, and Augustine Ankomah

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Characterisation of the types of anaemia prevalent among children and adolescents aged 1–19 years in India: A population-based study, Avina Sarna, Akash Porwal, Sowmya Ramesh, Praween Kumar Agrawal, Rajib Acharya, Robert Johnston, Nizamuddin Khan, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, K. Madhavan Nair, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Ransi Abraham, Sila Deb, Ajay Khera, and Renu Saxena

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Choosing and using the progesterone vaginal ring: Women’s lived experiences in three African cities, Chi-Chi Undie, Saumya RamaRao, and Fatou Mbow

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Classroom, club or collective? Three types of community-based group intervention and why they matter for health, Lu Gram, Sapna Desai, and Audrey Prost

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Client-provider interaction: Understanding client experience with family planning service providers through the mystery client approach in India, Ankita Shukla, Rajib Acharya, Abhishek Kumar, Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Clinical presentation and outcomes of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia at a national hospital, Kenya: A retrospective cohort study, Charity Ndwiga, George Odwe, Pooja Sripad, Omondi Ogutu, Alfred Osoti, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Commentary on research to improve contraceptive and multipurpose prevention technologies, J. Joseph Speidel, John Townsend, Elspeth Williams, Jamie Quam, and Kirsten M.J. Thompson