The Population Council's Reproductive Health program strives to improve sexual and reproductive health, especially for vulnerable people in developing countries. We help individuals to achieve their family planning and reproductive health goals through improvements in technologies and services. We work to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity and to improve equity and quality in the delivery of care.

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Submissions from 2021

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Abortion self-care: A forward-looking solution to inequitable access, Lucía Vázquez Quesada, Ankita Shukla, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, Rajib Acharya, and Saumya RamaRao

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A comparative analysis of the availability of family planning services in the social franchise and non-franchise private health facilities in Kajiado County, Kenya, Milka Choge, Kenneth Ngure, Elizabeth Echoka, and Timothy Abuya

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Addressing contraceptive needs exacerbated by COVID-19: A call for increasing choice and access to self-managed methods, Lisa Haddad, Saumya RamaRao, Avishek Hazra, Harriet Birungi, and James Sailer

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Adherence to guidelines in postpartum management of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in tertiary health facilities in Nigeria: A multi-centre study, Lawal Oyeneyin, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Azubuike K. Onyebuchi, Innocent Agbo, Lamaran M. Dattijo, Baffah M. Aminu, Gbenga A. Kayode, Olorunfemi O. Owa, Patience O. Odusolu, Karima Tunau, Jamilu Tukur, Charlotte E. Warren, Hanifah D. Abubakar, Abdulkarim Musa, Arie Franx, Diederick E. Grobbee, and Joyce L. Browne

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Advancements in postpartum hemorrhage care (APPHC): Overview of portfolio development and research studies in Madagascar, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Advancements in postpartum hemorrhage care (APPHC): Overview of portfolio development and research studies in Malawi, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Advancing postpartum hemorrhage care (APPHC): Partnership approach and portfolio overview, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Analysing normative influences on the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting among 0–14 years old girls in Senegal: A spatial bayesian hierarchical regression approach, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Paul Komba, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, and Dennis Matanda

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Assessing the performance of community health workers in Haiti: Key findings from a mixed-methods study, Frontline Health Project and Zanmi Lasante

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Association of delayed treatment of chlamydial infection and gonorrhea in pregnancy and preterm birth, Emily R. Burdette, Marisa R. Young, Carolynn M. Dude, Kristin M. Wall, and Lisa Haddad

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en Baja California, México, Population Council México

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en Chiapas, México, Population Council México

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en Chihuahua, México, Population Council México

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en la Ciudad de México, Population Council México

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en México, Population Council México

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en Oaxaca, México, Population Council México

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en Tabasco, México, Population Council México

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en Veracruz, México, Population Council México

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Barriers inhibiting effective detection and management of postpartum hemorrhage during facility-based births in Madagascar: Findings from a qualitative study using a behavioral science lens, Sara V. Flanagan, Tina Razafinamanana, Charlotte E. Warren, and Jana Smith

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Beliefs about children and the psychosocial implications of infertility on individuals seeking assisted fertilization in Ghana, Josephine M. Kyei, Adom Manu, Agnes M. Kotoh, Charles Ampong Adjei, and Augustine Ankomah

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Can social listening and social media monitoring benefit your SBC activities?, Rachel Yavinsky, Martha Silva, and Leanne Dougherty

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Changes in community knowledge and attitudes related to female genital fistula following the implementation of a multi-component intervention in Nigeria and Uganda, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, Emmanuel Nwala, George Odwe, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Chipatala cha pa Foni, Malawi's 'Health Center by Phone,' improving information given about pregnancy-related symptoms, Breakthrough RESEARCH and VillageReach

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Community-based postnatal care services for women and newborns in Kenya: An opportunity to improve quality and access?, Brady Zieman, Timothy Abuya, Daniel Mwanga, John Wanyungu, Charlotte E. Warren, and Pooja Sripad

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Considerations and guidance for using routine and program monitoring data for social and behavior change evaluation, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Costing social and behavior change programming: The role of the denominator, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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COVID-19 pandemic: A call to action, a time to respond, Saumya RamaRao

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Development and validation of a multi-dimensional scale to assess community health worker motivation, Ann Gottert, Tracy McClair, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Sina Pascal Dakouo, Timothy Abuya, Karen Kirk, Benjamin Bellows, Smisha Agarwal, Sarah Kennedy, Charlotte E. Warren, and Pooja Sripad

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Diet diversity among pregnant women and young children—Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

Drivers of teenage pregnancy: A qualitative assessment, Michael Mbizvo, Nelly-Claire Muntalima, Nachela Chelwa, Kondwani Kasonda, Edith S. Namukonda, Chifundo Phiri, Natasha Okpara, Ronald Mungoni, and Nancy Choka

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Editorial: Advancing community health measurement, policy, and practice, Benjamin Bellows and Charlotte E. Warren

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Effectiveness of interventions designed to prevent or respond to female genital mutilation: A review of evidence, Dennis Matanda, Melanie Croce-Galis, Jill Gay, and Karen Hardee

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Effectiveness of interventions designed to prevent or respond to female genital mutilation: Evidence brief, Dennis Matanda, Melanie Croce-Galis, Jill Gay, and Karen Hardee

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Effects of integrated economic and health interventions with women's groups on health-related knowledge, behaviours and outcomes in low-income and middle-income countries: A systematic review protocol, Sapna Desai, Kala M. Mehta, Roopal Jyoti Singh, Allie K. Westley, Osasuyi Dirisu, Connie C.S. Wong, Thomas de Hoop, and Gary L. Darmstadt

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"Eternally restarting" or "a branch line of continuity"? Exploring consequences of external shocks on community health systems in Haiti, Pooja Sripad, Alain Casseus, Sarah Kennedy, Benito Isaac, Kenia Vissieres, Charlotte E. Warren, and Ralph Ternier

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Evaluating changes in the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting among 0-14 years old girls in Nigeria using data from multiple surveys: A novel Bayesian hierarchical spatio-temporal model, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Paul Komba, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, Dennis Matanda, Otibho Obianwu, and Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala

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Évaluation de la performance des agents de santé communautaires en Haïti: principales conclusions d’une étude à méthodologie mixte, Frontline Health Project and Zanmi Lasante

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Exploring community health worker roles, support, and experiences in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh, Frontline Health Project

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Exploring community health worker roles, support, and experiences in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Haiti, Frontline Health Project and Zanmi Lasante

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Exploring community health worker roles, support, and experiences in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya, Frontline Health Project

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Extent and causes of increased domestic violence during the COVID-19 pandemic: Community health worker perspectives from Kenya, Bangladesh, and Haiti, Ann Gottert, Timothy Abuya, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Alain Casseus, Charlotte E. Warren, and Pooja Sripad

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Family and provider perceptions of quality of care in the management of sick young infants in primary healthcare settings in four counties of Kenya, Samuel Mbugua, Jesse Gitaka, Tabither Gitau, George Odwe, Peter Mwaura, Wilson Liambila, Charity Ndwiga, Kezia K'Oduol, Charlotte E. Warren, and Timothy Abuya

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Family planning for urban slums in low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review of interventions/service delivery models and their impact, John Ganle, Leonard Baatiema, Paul Ayamah, Charlotte Abra, Esime Ofori, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, and Augustine Ankomah

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Haemoglobin thresholds to define anaemia in a national sample of healthy children and adolescents aged 1–19 years in India: A population-based study, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Akash Porwal, Rajib Acharya, Sana Ashraf, Sowmya Ramesh, Nizamuddin Khan, Umesh Kapil, Anura V. Kurpad, and Avina Sarna

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Harnessing the power of partnership to advance reproductive health and rights, Julia Bunting and Régine Sitruk-Ware

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Health data reporting challenges in Mopti, Mali: Results and implications from a mixed-methods study, Frontline Health Project

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If we ask, will they tell? (and then, what?): Screening for sexual violence against children in Kenya, Chi-Chi Undie and Margaret Mak'anyengo

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Improving primary health care delivery in Bihar, India: Learning from piloting and statewide scale-up of Ananya, Gary L. Darmstadt, Kevin T. Pepper, Victoria C. Ward, Sridhar Srikantiah, Tanmay Mahapatra, Usha Kiran Tarigopula, Debarshi Bhattacharya, Laili Irani, Janine Schooley, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Priyanka Dutt, Padmapriya Sastry, Radharani Mitra, Sara Chamberlain, Sophia Monaghan, Priya Nanda, Yamini Atmavilas, Niranjan Saggurti, Evan Borkum, Anu Rangarajan, Kala M. Mehta, Safa Abdalla, Jess Wilhelm, Yingjie Weng, Suzan L. Carmichael, Hina Raheel, Jason Bentley, Wolfgang Munar, Andreea A. Creanga, Shamik Trehan, Dilys Walker, and Hemant Shah

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Incentive preferences for community health volunteers in Kenya: Findings from a discrete choice experiment, Timothy Abuya, Daniel Mwanga, Melvin Obadha, Charity Ndwiga, George Odwe, Daniel Kavoo, John Wanyugu, Charlotte E. Warren, and Smisha Agarwal

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Kebbi State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Sokoto State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Zamfara State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing modern contraceptive use among women in Kebbi State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing modern contraceptive use among women in Sokoto State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing modern contraceptive use among women in Zamfara State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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IntegratE Project results: Family planning knowledge and quality of care received from community pharmacists and patent and proprietary medicine vendors, The IntegratE Project

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Intraindividual double-burden of anthropometric undernutrition and “metabolic obesity” in Indian children: A paradox that needs action, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Akash Porwal, Avina Sarna, Rajib Acharya, Sowmya Ramesh, Umesh Kapil, and Anura V. Kurpad

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Introduction of digital reporting platform to integrate community-level data into health information systems is feasible and acceptable among various community health stakeholders: A mixed-methods pilot study in Mopti, Mali, Karen Kirk, Tracy McClair, Sina Pascal Dakouo, Timothy Abuya, and Pooja Sripad

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Karfafa amfani da kwayoyin hana daukar ciki na zamani a tsakanin mata a jihar Kebbi, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa amfani da kwayoyin hana daukar ciki na zamani a tsakanin mata a jihar Sokoto, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa amfani da kwayoyin hana daukar ciki na zamani a tsakanin mata a jihar Zamfara, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa neman maganin zazzabi da kulawa ga yara a tsakanin matan jihar Kebbi, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa neman maganin zazzabi da kulawa ga yara a tsakanin matan jihar Sokoto, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa neman maganin zazzabi da kulawa ga yara a tsakanin matan jihar Zamfara, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Knowledge, attitudes, practices, and the effects of COVID-19 among the youth in Kenya, Evalin Karijo, Sylvia Wamugi, Samuel Lemanyishoe, Jenny Njuki, Faith Boit, Vania Kibui, Sarah Karanja, and Timothy Abuya

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Lessons from Ghana to inform DMPA-SC safe storage and disposal, Elizabeth Tobey, Katey Peck, Dela Nai, Leah Jarvis, and Michelle J. Hindin

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Male–female concordance in reported involvement of women in contraceptive decision-making and its association with modern contraceptive use among couples in rural Maharashtra, India, Anvita Dixit, Nicole E. Johns, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Shahina Begum, Jennifer Yore, Niranjan Saggurti, Jay G. Silverman, Elizabeth Reed, Tarik Benmarhnia, Sarah Averbach, and Anita Raj

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Mass media exposure and use of reversible modern contraceptives among married women in India: An analysis of the NFHS 2015–16 data, Ranjita Ghosh, Arupendra Mozumdar, Aparajita Chattopadhyay, and Rajib Acharya

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Measuring barriers to fistula care: Investigating composite measures for targeted fistula programming in Nigeria and Uganda, Pooja Sripad, Elly Arnoff, Charlotte E. Warren, and Vandana Tripathi

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Measuring client trust in community health workers: A multi-country validation study, Pooja Sripad, Tracy McClair, Alain Casseus, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Timothy Abuya, and Ann Gottert

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Measuring quality of care at the community level using the contraceptive method information index plus and client reported experience metrics in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Pooja Sripad, Brady Zieman, Shongkour Roy, Sarah Kennedy, Md. Irfan Hossain, and Benjamin Bellows

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Metabolic syndrome following hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in a low-resource setting: A cohort study, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Karima Tunau, Oboirien A. Khadijat, Innocent Agbo, Lawal Oyeneyin, Jamilu Tukur, Joyce L. Browne, Gbenga A. Kayode, Azubuike K. Onyebuchi, Lamaran M. Dattijo, Baffah M. Aminu, Olorunfemi O. Owa, Patience O. Odusolu, Charlotte E. Warren, Hanifah D. Abubakar, Abdulkarim Musa, Arie Franx, and Diederick E. Grobbee

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Method-specific beliefs and subsequent contraceptive method choice: Results from a longitudinal study in urban and rural Kenya, George Odwe, Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Francis Obare Onyango, Kazuyo Machiyama, and John C. Cleland

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Muslim men's perceptions and attitudes on family planning: A qualitative study in Wajir and Lamu counties in Kenya, Batula Abdi, Jerry Okal, Gamal I. Serour, and Marleen Temmerman

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Not all women who experience side effects discontinue their contraceptive method: Insights from a longitudinal study in India, Aparna Jain, Sara Chace Dwyer, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Elizabeth Tobey

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Operationalized indicators: Integrating community health worker and client views to assess community health systems, Frontline Health Project

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Pathways to service access for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in rural Bangladesh: Exploring women's care-seeking, Amy Dempsey, Pooja Sripad, Kanij Sultana, Karen Kirk, Sharif M.I. Hossain, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Patterns of financial incentives in primary healthcare settings in Nigeria: Implications for the productivity of frontline health workers, Ekechi Okereke, George I. Eluwa, Akinwumi Akinola, Ibrahim Suleiman, Godwin Unumeri, and Sylvia Adebajo

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Perceptions of community pharmacists, patent and proprietary medicine vendors, and their clients regarding quality of family planning services: The IntegratE Project, The IntegratE Project

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Perceptions of Ghanaian traditional health practitioners, primary health care workers, service users and caregivers regarding collaboration for mental health care, Solomon Nyame, Edward Adiibokah, Yasmin Mohammed, Victor C. Doku, Caleb Othieno, Benjamin Harris, Oye Gureje, Seedat Soraya, and John Appiah-Poku

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Plurality of beliefs about female genital mutilation amidst decades of intervention programming in Narok and Kisii Counties, Kenya, Dennis Matanda, Caroline W. Kabiru, Chantalle Okondo, and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Potential of organizing unmarried adolescent girls and young women into self-help groups for a better transition to adulthood: Findings from a cross-sectional study in India, Jaleel Ahmad, Avishek Hazra, Kumudha Aruldas, Arima Singh, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Preferred incentives for improving Ugandan community health worker job satisfaction and retention, Frontline Health Project

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Prevalence and determinants of chronic kidney disease in women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in Nigeria: A cohort study, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Timothy Olusegun Olanrewaju, Joyce L. Browne, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Gbenga A. Kayode, Arie Franx, Diederick E. Grobbee, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Prevalence of low serum zinc concentrations in Indian children and adolescents: Findings from the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey 2016–18, Raghu Pullakhandam, Praween Kumar Agrawal, Rajini Peter, Santu Ghosh, G. Bhanuprakash Reddy, Bharati Kulkarni, Tinku Thomas, Anura V. Kurpad, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Akash Porwal, Nizamuddin Khan, Sowmya Ramesh, Rajib Acharya, Avina Sarna, Umesh Kapil, Hemalatha Rajkumar, Arjan De Wagt, Sila Deb, and Robert Johnston

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Research in forced displacement: Guidance for a feminist and decolonial approach, Neha S. Singh, Michelle Lokot, Chi-Chi Undie, Monica A. Onyango, Rosemary Morgan, Anne Harmer, Jane Freedman, and Shirin Heidari

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Research within international non-governmental organisation programmes in low and middle-income countries: Challenges amid opportunities, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Maria van der Harst, Charlotte E. Warren, Arie Franx, Gbenga A. Kayode, Diederick E. Grobbee, and Joyce L. Browne

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Socio-economic inequality in anthropometric failure among children aged under 5 years in India: Evidence from the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey 2016–18, Akash Porwal, Rajib Acharya, Sana Ashraf, Praween Kumar Agrawal, Sowmya Ramesh, Nizamuddin Khan, Avina Sarna, and Robert Johnston

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Socioeconomic inequality in exclusive breastfeeding behavior and ideation factors for social behavioral change in three north-western Nigerian states: A cross-sectional study, Dele Abegunde, Paul Hutchinson, Udochisom Anaba, Foyeke Oyedokun-Adebagbo, Emily White Johansson, Bamikale J. Feyisetan, and Emma Mtiro

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Spatial heterogeneity in discontinuation of modern spacing method in districts of India, Soumya Ranjan Nayak, Sanjay Kumar Mohanty, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, and Umakanta Sahoo

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Strengthening social and behavior change measurement in the RISE II Program, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Strength in diversity: Integrating community in primary health care to advance universal health coverage, Charlotte E. Warren, Benjamin Bellows, Rachel Marcus, Jordan Downey, Sarah Kennedy, and Nazo Kureshy

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The Client Empowerment in Community Health Systems Scale: Development and validation in three countries, Tracy McClair, Pooja Sripad, Alain Casseus, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Timothy Abuya, and Ann Gottert

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The effects of a single freeze-thaw cycle on concentrations of nutritional, noncommunicable disease, and inflammatory biomarkers in serum samples, Ransi Abraham, Garima Rana, Praween Kumar Agrawal, Robert Johnston, Avina Sarna, Sowmya Ramesh, Rajib Acharya, Nizamuddin Khan, Akash Porwal, Sucheta Banerjee Kurundkar, Arvind Pandey, Raghu Pullakhandam, K. Madhavan Nair, Geeta Trilok Kumar, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Umesh Kapil, Sila Deb, Arjan De Wagt, Ajay Khera, and Lakshmy Ramakrishnan

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The knowledge of danger signs of obstetric complications among women in rural India: Evaluating an integrated microfinance and health literacy program, Danish Ahmad, Itismita Mohanty, Avishek Hazra, and Theo Niyonsenga

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The role of unintended pregnancy in internalized stigma among women living with HIV in Kenya, Sara Chace Dwyer, Aparna Jain, Wilson Liambila, and Charlotte E. Warren

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The validity of women's reports of family planning service quality in Cambodia and Kenya, Ann K. Blanc, Katharine McCarthy, Charlotte E. Warren, Ashish Bajracharya, and Benjamin Bellows

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Treading the thin line: Pharmacy workers' perspectives on medication abortion provision in Lusaka, Zambia, Katharine Footman, Nachela Chelwa, Megan Douthwaite, James Mdala, Drosin Mulenga, Caila Brander, and Kathryn Church

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Understanding community health worker incentive preferences in Uganda using a discrete choice experiment, Smisha Agarwal, Timothy Abuya, Richard Kintu, Daniel Mwanga, Melvin Obadha, Shivani Pandya, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Understanding family planning outcomes in northwestern Nigeria: Analysis and modeling of social and behavior change factors, Paul Hutchinson, Udochisom Anaba, Dele Abegunde, Mathew Okoh, Paul C. Hewett, and Emily White Johansson