The Population Council's Reproductive Health program strives to improve sexual and reproductive health, especially for vulnerable people in developing countries. We help individuals to achieve their family planning and reproductive health goals through improvements in technologies and services. We work to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity and to improve equity and quality in the delivery of care.

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Submissions from 2019

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Setting the global research agenda for community health systems: Literature and consultative review, Smisha Agarwal, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, Benjamin Bellows, Timothy Abuya, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Health financing and family planning in the context of Universal Health Care: Connecting the discourse, Gabrielle Appleford and Saumya RamaRao

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Health financing and family planning in the context of universal health care: Connecting the discourse in Kenya, Gabrielle Appleford and Saumya RamaRao

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Reducing barriers to accessing fistula repair: Implementation research in Uganda, Justus Barageine, Charity Ndwiga, Hassan Kanakulya, and Pooja Sripad

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Cost and cost-effectiveness of health behavior change interventions implemented with self-help groups in Bihar, India, S. Chandrashekar, S. Saha, B. Varghese, L. Mohan, G. Shetty, Akash Porwal, Avishek Hazra, Subrato Mondal, and Rajshree Das

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Evaluating quality of contraceptive counseling: An analysis of the Method Information Index, Karen T. Chang, Mulenga Mukanu, Benjamin Bellows, Waqas Hameed, Amanda Kalamar, Karen A. Grépin, Xaher Gul, and Nirali M. Chakraborty

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The extent to which performance-based financing programs' operations manuals reflect rights-based principles: Implications for family planning services, Marie S. Cole, Victoria Boydell, Karen Hardee, and Benjamin Bellows

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Initiation and continuity of maternal healthcare: Examining the role of vouchers and user-fee removal on maternal health service use in Kenya, Mardieh Dennis, Lenka Benova, Timothy Abuya, Matteo Quartagno, Benjamin Bellows, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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A new approach to assess the capability of health facilities to provide clinical care for sexual violence against women: A pilot study, Mardieh Dennis, Onikepe Owolabi, Jenny A. Cresswell, Nachela Chelwa, Manuela Colombini, Bellington Vwalika, Michael Mbizvo, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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An assessment of human resources for health hiring, deployment and retention, procedures and practices in Cross river and Bauchi states, Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, Akinwumi Akinola, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, Aisha Jibril, and George I. Eluwa

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Measurement of the sexual health and wellbeing of women who have undergone female genital mutilation/cutting: A scoping review, Tammary Esho, Samuel K. Muniu, Mohamed Yussuf, Chantalle Okondo, and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Validation of two quality of care measures: Results from a longitudinal study of reversible contraceptive users in India, Aparna Jain, Kumudha Aruldas, Arupendra Mozumdar, Elizabeth Tobey, and Rajib Acharya

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Adding a question about method switching to the Method Information Index is a better predictor of contraceptive continuation, Aparna Jain, Kumudha Aruldas, Elizabeth Tobey, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Rajib Acharya

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Stigma as a barrier to family planning use among married youth in Ethiopia, Aparna Jain, Hussein Ismail, Elizabeth Tobey, and Annabel Erulkar

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Dietary adequacy among young children in India: Improvement or stagnation? An investigation from the National Family Health Survey, Nizamuddin Khan, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Supreet Kaur

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Is economic inequality in family planning in India associated with the private sector?, Abhishek Kumar, Anrudh K. Jain, Kumudha Aruldas, Arupendra Mozumdar, Ankita Shukla, Rajib Acharya, Faujdar Ram, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Using Demographic and Health Surveys in the campaign to end FGM/C: A Kenyan example, Dennis Matanda and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Tracing change in female genital mutilation/cutting: Shifting norms and practices among communities in Narok and Kisii counties, Kenya—Brief, Dennis Matanda, Chantalle Okondo, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Is there a relationship between female genital mutilation/cutting and fistula? A statistical analysis using cross-sectional data from Demographic and Health Surveys in 10 sub-Saharan Africa countries, Dennis Matanda, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

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Maternal mortality due to eclampsia in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Identifying underlying risk factors, and care-seeking behaviours, Ali M. Mir, Stephen Pearson, Saleem Shaikh, Mumraiz Khan, Irfan Masood, and Sabahat Hussain

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India's family planning market and opportunities for the private sector: An analysis using the total market approach, Arupendra Mozumdar, Rajib Acharya, Subrato Mondal, Amit Arun Shah, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Integration of HIV testing services into family planning services: A systematic review, Manjulaa Narasimhan, Ping Teresa Yeh, Sabina A. Haberlen, Charlotte E. Warren, and Caitlin E. Kennedy

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Factors influencing satisfaction with oral contraceptive pills and injectables among past users in Kenya, George Odwe, Joyce Mumah, Francis Obare, Marylene Wamukoya, Kazuyo Machiyama, John C. Cleland, and John B. Casterline

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Strengthening Bauchi State College of Nursing and Midwifery by updating its training curricula, procedure manuals and student handbooks, Ekechi Okereke, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Strengthening Cross River state schools of nursing and midwifery by updating their training curricula, procedure manuals and student handbooks, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, and Aisha Jibril

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Collaboration with the University of Calabar for human resources for health management training for Bauchi and Cross River states, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Population Council's support for Nigeria's third national Human Resources for Health conference and efforts to institutionalize HRH conferences in Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Strengthening in-service training and continuing education (IST/CE) for frontline health workers for Bauchi and Cross River states, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Assessment of in-service training and continuing education (IST/CE) for frontline health workers in Bauchi and Cross River states, Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Iliyasu Zubairu, Udoh Nsekpong, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Gender and Power Metrics database, Population Council

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The medicalisation of female genital mutilation/cutting in Kenya: Perspectives of families and health care providers, Population Council

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Who pays and how much? A cross-sectional study of out-of-pocket payment for modern contraception in Kenya, Emma Radovich, Mardieh Dennis, Edwine Barasa, Francesca L. Cavallaro, Kerry LM Wong, Josephine Borghi, Caroline A. Lynch, Mark Lyons-Amos, Timothy Abuya, and Lenka Benova

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Contraception and public health ethics, Saumya RamaRao and John Townsend

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Do Indian women receive adequate information about contraception?, Md. Juel Rana and Anrudh K. Jain

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Decision-making in the practice of female genital mutilation or cutting in Sudan: A cross-sectional study, Majdi Sabahelzain, Ahmed Gamal Eldin, Suad Babiker, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Muna Eltayeb

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Effect of behavioral change intervention around new-born care practices among most marginalized women in self-help groups in rural India: Analyses of three cross-sectional surveys between 2013 and 2016, Niranjan Saggurti, Akash Porwal, Yamini Atmavilas, Monika Walia, Rajshree Das, and Laili Irani

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Detecting and managing hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: A cross-sectional analysis of the quality of antenatal care in Nigeria, Angela Salomon, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Karen Kirk, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Adapted tool for the assessment of domestic violence against women in a low-income country setting: A reliability analysis, Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, and Augustine Ankomah

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Reference guide for data collection: Qualitative social network interviews, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Amadou Moreau, Sarah Smith, and Holly B. Shakya

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Reference guide: Factorial focus group analysis methods for studying social norm change, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Amadou Moreau, Katherine Wander, and Sarah Smith

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Utilization of maternal health services and its determinants: A cross-sectional study among women in rural Uttar Pradesh, India, Ranjana Singh, Sutapa B. Neogi, Avishek Hazra, Laili Irani, Jenny Ruducha, Danish Ahmad, Sampath Kumar, Neelakshi Mann, and Dileep V. Mavalankar

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Assessing the role of women’s autonomy and acceptability of intimate-partner violence in maternal health-care utilization in 63 low- and middle-income countries, Pooja Sripad, Charlotte E. Warren, Michelle J. Hindin, and Mahesh Karra

Submissions from 2018

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Cesarean section deliveries in Egypt: Trends, practices, perceptions, and cost, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Doaa Oraby, Nevine Hassanein, and Shatha El-Nakib

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Dataset: Evaluation of the impact of removal of user fees for maternal health services on universal health coverage in Kenya, Timothy Abuya, Dennis Matanda, Francis Obare, and Benjamin Bellows

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Stakeholder perspectives regarding transfer of free maternity services to National Health Insurance Fund in Kenya: Implications for universal health coverage, Timothy Abuya, Francis Obare, Dennis Matanda, Mardieh Dennis, and Benjamin Bellows

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Measuring mistreatment of women throughout the birthing process: Implications for quality of care assessments, Timothy Abuya, Pooja Sripad, Julie Ritter, Charity Ndwiga, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Health sector inadequacies in attending to child survivors of sexual abuse in Kenya: An operations research, Carol Ajema, Chi-Chi Undie, Charity Mbugua, Jordan Kyongo, and Lina Digolo

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Mifepristone–misoprostol for menstrual regulation in public sector facilities in Bangladesh, Anadil Alam, Tatyana Lotarevich, Tapash Ranjan Das, Laura Reichenbach, and Hillary J. Bracken

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Ensuring adequate financing of family planning commodities and services, Moazzam Ali and Benjamin Bellows

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Financement de la planification familiale, Moazzam Ali and Benjamin Bellows

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Understanding the key elements for designing and implementing social marketing campaigns to inform the development of creative approaches for FGM/C abandonment in Sudan, Widad Ali A/Rahman, Samia Al Nagar, Randa H. Gindeel, and Arwa Salah

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Medicalisation of female genital mutilation/cutting in Sudan: Shift in types and providers, Nafisa Bedri, Huda Sherfi, Ghada Rodwan, Sara Elhadi, and Wafa Elamin

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Legal but limited? Abortion service availability and readiness assessment in Nepal, Suzanne O. Bell, Linnea Zimmerman, Yoonjoung Choi, and Michelle J. Hindin

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Integration of HIV and reproductive health services in public sector facilities: Analysis of client flow data over time in Kenya, Isolde Birdthistle, Justin Fenty, Martine Collumbien, Charlotte E. Warren, James Kelly Kimani, Charity Ndwiga, Susannah H. Mayhew, and Integra Initiative

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Closing the gap between people and programs: Lessons from implementation of social accountability for family planning and reproductive health in Uganda, Victoria Boydell, Stella Neema, Kelsey Wright, and Karen Hardee

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Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: ISSHP classification, diagnosis, and management recommendations for international practice, Mark A. Brown, Laura A. Magee, Louise C. Kenny, S. Ananth Karumanchi, Fergus P. McCarthy, Shigeru Saito, David R. Hall, Charlotte E. Warren, Gloria Adoyi, and Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Élargissement du choix des contraceptifs, Heather Clark, Saumya RamaRao, Catherine Unthank, Kazuyo Machiyama, and Nandita Thatte

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Expanding contraceptive choice, Heather Clark, Saumya RamaRao, Catherine Unthank, Kazuyo Machiyama, and Nandita Thatte

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Balancing paid work and child care in a slum of Nairobi, Kenya: The case for centre-based child care, Shelley Clark, Midanna De Almada, Caroline W. Kabiru, Stella Muthuri, and Milka Wanjohi

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Does supportive legislation guarantee access to pregnancy termination and postabortion care services? Findings from a facility census in Central Province, Zambia, Jenny A. Cresswell, Onikepe Owolabi, Nachela Chelwa, Mardieh Dennis, Sabine Gabrysch, Bellington Vwalika, Michael Mbizvo, Veronique Filippi, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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Registered or unregistered? Levels and differentials in registration and certification of births in Ghana, Fidelia A.A. Dake and Kamil Fuseini

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Evaluating the impact of a maternal health voucher programme on service use before and after the introduction of free maternity services in Kenya: A quasi-experimental study, Mardieh Dennis, Timothy Abuya, Oona M.R. Campbell, Lenka Benova, Angela Baschieri, Matteo Quartagno, and Benjamin Bellows

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Feasibility of patent and proprietary medicine vendor provision of injectable contraceptives: Preliminary results from implementation science research in Oyo and Nasarawa, Nigeria, Sara Chace Dwyer, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Faizah Okunade, Laura Reichenbach, and Aparna Jain

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FGM/C decision-making process and the role of gender power relations in Sudan, Ahmed Gamal Eldin, Suad Babiker, Majdi Sabahelzain, and Muna Eltayeb

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Can a gender equity and family planning intervention for men change their gender ideology? Results from the CHARM intervention in rural India, Paul Fleming, Jay G. Silverman, Mohan Ghule, Julie Ritter, Madhusudana Battala, Gajanan Velhal, Saritha Nair, Anindita Dasgupta, Balaiah Donta, Niranjan Saggurti, and Anita Raj

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Medical abortion provision by pharmacies and drug sellers in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review, Katharine Footman, Katherine Keenan, Kate Reiss, Barbara Reichwein, Pritha Biswas, and Kathryn Church

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Using evidence to improve quality of pharmacy-delivered medical abortion, Katharine Footman and Nancy Termini LaChance

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Mobile phone messaging to husbands to improve maternal and child health behavior in India, Avishek Hazra, M.E. Khan, and Subrato Mondal

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Expanding access to family planning for married adolescent girls in the urban slums of Dhaka, Fauzia Akhter Huda and Nancy Termini LaChance

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Dataset: Evaluating the impact of the Uttar Pradesh Community Mobilization Project in improving maternal and child health behaviors in self-help groups in Uttar Pradesh, India, Laili Irani

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Dataset: Time use patterns of women in rural Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, Laili Irani

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Assessing the feasibility and acceptability of community health extension workers to treat hypertension associated with pregnancy: An analysis of post-intervention findings, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Engaging community women's groups for improved uptake of antenatal care services in Cross River State, Nigeria: An analysis of post-intervention findings, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Findings from post-intervention analysis of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Cross River State, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Findings from post-intervention analysis of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Ebonyi State, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Findings from post-intervention analysis of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Kogi State, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Introducing the progesterone vaginal ring (PVR) as a new option for postpartum family planning in sub-Saharan Africa: Insights from engagements with stakeholders, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Nafissatou Diop, Babacar Mane, Wilson Liambila, Saumya RamaRao, Heather Clark, Harriet Birungi, Godwin Unumeri, and Francis Obare

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Making free public healthcare attractive: Optimizing health equity funds in Cambodia, Bart Jacobs, Ashish Bajracharya, Jyotirmoy Saha, Chhea Chhorvann, Benjamin Bellows, Steffen Flessa, and Adélio Fernandes Antunes

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A new composite index to measure national-level quality of family planning programs, Anrudh K. Jain

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Revising the FP quality of care framework in the context of rights‐based family planning, Anrudh K. Jain and Karen Hardee

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Proposed metrics to measure quality: Overview, Anrudh K. Jain, John Townsend, and Saumya RamaRao

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Condom use at last sex by young men in Ethiopia: The effect of descriptive and injunctive norms, Aparna Jain, Elizabeth Tobey, Hussein Ismail, and Annabel Erulkar

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Developing strategies to address contraceptive needs of adolescents: Exploring patterns of use among sexually active adolescents in 46 low- and middle-income countries, Amanda Kalamar, Özge Tunçalp, and Michelle J. Hindin

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Improving access to delivery care and reducing the equity gap through voucher program in Bangladesh: Evidence from difference-in-differences analysis, Kaji Tamanna Keya, Benjamin Bellows, Ubaidur Rob, and Charlotte E. Warren

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"Poverty is the big thing": Exploring financial, transportation, and opportunity costs associated with fistula management and repair in Nigeria and Uganda, Kaji Tamanna Keya, Pooja Sripad, Emmanuel Nwala, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Obstetric complications and delays in seeking emergency care in poor settings of northern India, Nizamuddin Khan

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Shifts in female genital mutilation/cutting in Kenya: Perspectives of families and health care providers, Samuel Kimani and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Medicalized female genital mutilation/cutting: Contentious practices and persistent debates, Samuel Kimani and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Strengthening the integration of family planning and HIV services at the community level in Kenya, Wilson Liambila, Sara Chace Dwyer, Brian Mdawida, Charlotte E. Warren, Melsa Lutomia, Jane Koech, Elizabeth Washika, and Aparna Jain

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Intensity of contact with frontline workers and its influence on maternal and newborn health behaviors: Cross-sectional survey in rural Uttar Pradesh, India, Tanica Lyngdoh, Sutapa B. Neogi, Danish Ahmad, Srinivasan Soundararajan, and Dileep V. Mavalankar

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Women’s attitudes and beliefs towards specific contraceptive methods in Bangladesh and Kenya, Kazuyo Machiyama, Fauzia Akhter Huda, Faisal Ahmmed, George Odwe, Francis Obare, Joyce Mumah, Marylene Wamukoya, John B. Casterline, and John C. Cleland

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How are educated women in Ghana regulating fertility without high levels of modern contraceptive use?, Kazuyo Machiyama, Cicely Marston, Nancy Termini LaChance, Terence Adda-Balinia, and Placide Tapsoba

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Accelerating uptake of voluntary, rights-based family planning in developing countries, Kazuyo Machiyama, Francis Obare, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Doris Chou, Mario Festin, Rajat Khosla, James Kiarie, Lale Say, and Nandita Thatte

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Accélérer l’adoption de la planification familiale volontaire et fondée sur les droits dans les pays en développement, Kazuyo Machiyama, Francis Obare, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Doris Chou, Mario Festin, Rajat Khosla, James Kiarie, Lale Say, and Nandita Thatte

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Fertility regulation as identity maintenance: Understanding the social aspects of birth control, Cicely Marston, Alicia Renedo, and Gertrude Nyaaba

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The perspectives of men in Mexico City about vasectomy, Isabel Vieitez Martínez and Adriana Ramos

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The perspectives of men in Mexico City about vasectomy—Brief, Isabel Vieitez Martínez and Adriana Ramos

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Tracing change in female genital mutilation/cutting: Shifting norms and practices among communities in Narok and Kisii counties, Kenya, Dennis Matanda, Chantalle Okondo, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Women’s recall of maternal and newborn interventions received in the postnatal period: A validity study in Kenya and Swaziland, Katharine McCarthy, Ann K. Blanc, Charlotte E. Warren, and Brian Mdawida

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Understanding the use of India's National Health Insurance Scheme for family planning and reproductive health services in Uttar Pradesh, Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, Aparna Jain, and Laura Reichenbach