The Population Council's Reproductive Health program strives to improve sexual and reproductive health, especially for vulnerable people in developing countries. We help individuals to achieve their family planning and reproductive health goals through improvements in technologies and services. We work to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity and to improve equity and quality in the delivery of care.

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Submissions from 2020

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Abortion service provision in South Asia: A comparative study of four countries, Susheela Singh, Aparna Sundaram, Altaf Hossain, Mahesh Puri, Zeba Sathar, Chander Shekhar, Marjorie Crowell, and Ann M. Moore

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system’s response to female genital mutilation/cutting management and prevention in Kenya, Samuel Kimani and Chantalle Okondo

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system's response to female genital mutilation/cutting management and prevention in Kenya: A case study of West Pokot County, Samuel Kimani

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system's response to FGM/C management and prevention in Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, Adetayo Adetunji, Mayokun Adediran, and Otibho Obianwu

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system's response to FGM/C management and prevention in Nigeria—Brief, Osasuyi Dirisu, Adetayo Adetunji, Mayokun Adediran, and Otibho Obianwu

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Adolescent fertility Is lower than expected in rural areas: Results from 10 African HDSS, Clementine Rossier, Bruno Schoumaker, Valérie Delaunay, Donatien Beguy, Aparna Jain, Martin Bangha, Alemseged Aregay, Baptiste Beck, Karim Derra, Modeste Millogo, Albert Dube, Kone Siaka, Marylene Wamukoya, and Pascal Zabre

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Appendices—Female genital mutilation/cutting: A review of laws and policies in Kenya and Nigeria, Samuel Kimani and Otibho Obianwu

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A primary health care model for managing pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in low- and middle- income countries, Charlotte E. Warren, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Deborah Armbruster, and Emily Hillman

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Asking and telling: An assessment of the feasibility of screening children for sexual violence in Kenyan school and health facility contexts, Chi-Chi Undie and Margaret Mak'anyengo

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Assessing the role of law in reducing the practise of FGM/C in Kenya, Agnes K. Meroka-Mutua, Daniel Mwanga, and Charles Owuor Olungah

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Association between modern contraceptive use and child mortality in India: A calendar data analysis of the National Family Health Survey (2015–16), Ankita Shukla, Abhishek Kumar, Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, Rajib Acharya, F. Ram, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Associations between female genital mutilation/cutting and early/child marriage: A multi-country DHS/MICS analysis, Jamlick Karumbi and David Gathara

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Availability, practices and acceptance of postabortion contraceptive services in health facilities: A study in six states of India, Harihar Sahoo, Melissa Stillman, Jennifer J. Frost, Rajib Acharya, and Rubina Hussain

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Barriers to provision of respectful maternity care in Zambia: Results from a qualitative study through the lens of behavioral science, Jana Smith, Rachel Banay, Emily Zimmerman, Vivien Caetano, Maurice Musheke, and Ameck Kamanga

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Beyond wifehood: Harnessing local gender ideologies to inform public health interventions in Africa, Chi-Chi Undie and Chimaraoke O. Izugbara

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Challenges and prospects for implementation of community health volunteers’ digital health solutions in Kenya: A qualitative study, Pauline Bakibinga, Eva Kamande, Lyagamula Kisia, Milka Omuya, Dennis Matanda, and Catherine Kyobutungi

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Challenges experienced by clients undergoing assisted reproductive technology in Ghana: An exploratory descriptive study, Josephine M. Kyei, Abubakar Manu, Agnes M. Kotoh, Salima Meherali, and Augustine Ankomah

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Characterisation of the types of anaemia prevalent among children and adolescents aged 1–19 years in India: A population-based study, Avina Sarna, Akash Porwal, Sowmya Ramesh, Praween Kumar Agrawal, Rajib Acharya, Robert Johnston, Nizamuddin Khan, H.P.S. Sachdev, K. Madhavan Nair, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Ransi Abraham, Sila Deb, Ajay Khera, and Renu Saxena

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Choosing and using the progesterone vaginal ring: Women’s lived experiences in three African cities, Chi-Chi Undie, Saumya RamaRao, and Fatou Mbow

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Client-provider interaction: Understanding client experience with family planning service providers through the mystery client approach in India, Ankita Shukla, Rajib Acharya, Abhishek Kumar, Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Clinical presentation and outcomes of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia at a national hospital, Kenya: A retrospective cohort study, Charity Ndwiga, George Odwe, Pooja Sripad, Omondi Ogutu, Alfred Osoti, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Commentary on research to improve contraceptive and multipurpose prevention technologies, J. Joseph Speidel, John Townsend, Elspeth Williams, Jamie Quam, and Kirsten M.J. Thompson

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Commentary: Using law more effectively towards abandonment of FGM/C in Kenya, Agnes K. Meroka-Mutua

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Considerations for collecting and documenting FGM/C data by health care providers, Dennis Matanda

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Contraceptive technologies for global health: Ethically getting to safe, effective and acceptable options for women and men, John Townsend, Régine Sitruk-Ware, Saumya RamaRao, and James Sailer

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Contraceptive use and its effect on Indian women's empowerment: Evidence from the National Family Health Survey-4, Biplab Dhak, Niranjan Saggurti, and Faujdar Ram

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Contraceptive use dynamics in India: A prospective cohort study of modern reversible contraceptive users, Arupendra Mozumdar, Elizabeth Tobey, Kumudha Aruldas, Rajib Acharya, and Aparna Jain

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Determinants of low birth weight in India: An investigation from the National Family Health Survey, Nizamuddin Khan, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Supreet Kaur

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Developing an SMS text message intervention on sexual and reproductive health with adolescents and youth in Peru, Fiorella Guerrero, Nora Lucar, Mijail Garvich Claux, Marina Chiappe, Jose Perez-Lu, Michelle J. Hindin, Lianne Gonsalves, and Angela M. Bayer

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Development and validation of the Sexual and Reproductive Empowerment Scale for Adolescents and Young Adults, Ushma D. Upadhyay, Phoebe Y. Danza, Torsten B. Neilands, Jessica D. Gipson, Claire D. Brindis, Michelle J. Hindin, Diana Greene Foster, and Shari L. Dworkin

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Effect of sharing health messages on antenatal care behavior among women involved in microfinance-based self-help groups in Bihar India, Monika Walia, Laili Irani, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Yamini Atmavilas, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Examining user fee reductions in public primary healthcare facilities in Kenya, 1997–2012: Effects on the use and content of antenatal care, Mardieh Dennis, Lenka Benova, Catherine Goodman, Edwine Barasa, Timothy Abuya, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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Exploring barriers to seeking health care among Kenyan Somali women with female genital mutilation: A qualitative study, Samuel Kimani, Caroline W. Kabiru, Jacinta Muteshi-Strachan, and Jaldesa Guyo

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Exploring changes in female genital mutilation/cutting: Shifting norms and practices among communities in Fafan and West Arsi zones, Ethiopia, Getaneh Mehari, Asabneh Molla, Ayantu Mamo, and Dennis Matanda

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Exploring the capacity of the Somaliland healthcare system to manage female genital mutilation/cutting-related complications and prevent the medicalization of the practice: A cross-sectional study, Mohamed Yussuf, Dennis Matanda, and Richard A. Powell

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Exploring the demand‐side factors associated with the use of implants in Kenya, Francis Obare, Joyce Mumah, George Odwe, Kazuyo Machiyama, and John C. Cleland

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Exploring the nature and extent of normative change in FGM/C in Somaliland, Richard A. Powell, Mohamed Yussuf, Bettina Shell-Duncan, and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Female clients' gender preferences for frontline health workers who provide maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) services at primary health care level in Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Akinwumi Akinola, George I. Eluwa, and Sylvia Adebajo

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Female genital mutilation/cutting: A review of laws and policies in Kenya and Nigeria, Samuel Kimani and Otibho Obianwu

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Female genital mutilation/cutting: Emerging factors sustaining medicalization related changes in selected Kenyan communities, Samuel Kimani, Caroline W. Kabiru, Jacinta Muteshi-Strachan, and Jaldesa Guyo

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Female genital mutilation/cutting in Nigeria: Is the practice declining? A descriptive analysis of successive demographic and health surveys and multiple indicator cluster surveys (2003–2017), Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Glory Atilola, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Emmanuel Ogundimu, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Paul Komba, Zhuzhi Moore, and Dennis Matanda

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Female genital mutilation/cutting in Senegal: Is the practice declining? Descriptive analysis of Demographic and Health Surveys, 2005–2017, Dennis Matanda, Glory Atilola, Zhuzhi Moore, Paul Komba, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, and Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala

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Fertility preferences and behaviors among younger cohorts in Egypt: Recent trends, correlates, and prospects for change, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Shadia Attia, Nourhan Bader, Rania Roushdy, Shatha El-Nakib, and Doaa Oraby

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Final evaluation results: Expanding access to secondary school education for teenage mothers in Homa Bay County, Chi-Chi Undie, Harriet Birungi, George Odwe, and Francis Obare

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Health care providers' and mothers' perceptions about the medicalization of female genital mutilation or cutting in Egypt: A cross-sectional qualitative study [Arabic], Omaima El-Gibaly and Mirette Aziz

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Health systems software factors and their effect on the integration of sexual and reproductive health and HIV services, Susannah H. Mayhew, Charlotte E. Warren, Charity Ndwiga, Manjulaa Narasimhan, Rose Wilcher, Richard Mutemwa, Timothy Abuya, and Manuela Colombini

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Health workers' outreach and intention to use contraceptives among married women in India, Abhishek Kumar, Anrudh K. Jain, Faujdar Ram, Rajib Acharya, Ankita Shukla, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Health workforce demography: A framework to improve understanding of the health workforce and support achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, Sylvia Szabo, Andrea Nove, Zoe Matthews, Ashish Bajracharya, Ibadat Dhillon, Devendra Raj Singh, Aurora Saares, and James Campbell

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High blood pressure: Pregnant and postpartum women face hidden danger, Charlotte E. Warren and Pooja Sripad

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High Impact Practices—Detecting and managing hypertension in the extended postnatal period: Preventing postnatal pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, Charlotte E. Warren

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High Impact Practices—Encouraging empowerment and self-care through participatory women’s groups and group antenatal care: Supporting women to be at the center of their own care as active participants, Tracy McClair

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High Impact Practices—Task sharing for hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: Improving early detection and management of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, Karen Kirk

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Implementation process brief: Integrated family planning and HIV services at the community level in Kenya, Wilson Liambila, Sara Chace Dwyer, Charlotte E. Warren, Aparna Jain, Melsa Lutomia, Jane Loech, and Elizabeth Washika

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Important lessons on FGM/C abandonment from four research studies in Egypt, Nada Wahba, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, and Abeer Salem

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Improving the documentation of female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C) abandonment interventions and their evaluations, Caroline W. Kabiru

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Increasing role of abstinence and infecundity in non-use of contraceptive methods in India, Preeti Dhillon, Govind Singh, Faujdar Ram, Pradeep Kumar, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Infection prevention preparedness and practices for female sterilization services within primary care facilities in Northern India, Abhishek Kumar, Abhishek Gautam, Arnab Dey, Ruhi Saith, U Uttamacharya, Pranita Achyut, Vandana Gautam, Dinesh Agarwal, Amit Chakraverty, Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, Ravi K. Verma, Priya Nanda, Suneeta Krishnan, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Infertility: A continually neglected component of sexual and reproductive health and rights, Jessica D. Gipson, Marta J. Bornstein, and Michelle J. Hindin

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Infographic—Getting to market: Roadmap for user access, Saumya RamaRao, Wilson Liambila, Fatou Mbow, and Avishek Hazra

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In the response to COVID‐19, we can’t forget health system commitments to contraception and family planning, John Townsend; Petra ten Hoope-Bender; Jill Sheffield; and The FIGO Contraception, Family Planning Committee

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Intrahousehold influence on contraceptive use among married Indian women: Evidence from the National Family Health Survey 2015–16, Mukesh Ranjan, Arupendra Mozumdar, Rajib Acharya, Subrato Mondal, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Introduction of DMPA-SC self-injection in Ghana: A feasibility and acceptability study using Sayana® Press, Dela Nai, Patrick Aboagye, Kamil Fuseini, Elizabeth Tobey, Aparna Jain, Nora Maresh, and Rebecca Fertziger

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Knowledge of pharmacy workers on antihypertensive and anticonvulsant drugs for managing pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Bangladesh, Shongkour Roy, Kanij Sultana, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Lessons from a five-year research programme on FGM/C and their relevance for policy and programmes in Kenya, Dennis Matanda, Agnes K. Meroka-Mutua, and Samuel Kimani

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Looking at the bigger picture: Effect of performance-based contracting of district health services on equity of access to maternal health services in Zambia, Collins Chansa, Mulenga Mukanu, Chitalu Miriam Chama-Chiliba, Mpuma Kamanga, Nicholas Chikwenya, Benjamin Bellows, and Naasegnibe Kuunibe

Looking Back, Looking Forward: Using Evidence to Inform Sexual and Reproductive Health Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic—Webinar, Saumya RamaRao, Kristin Bietsch, Julia N. White, Johannes van Dam, and Ann K. Blanc

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Male reproductive function and fecundity, Michael Mbizvo and Tendai M. Chiware

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Measurement of female genital mutilation/cutting status: Perspectives from healthcare providers, policymakers, programme implementers, and researchers, Dennis Matanda

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Measuring service quality and assessing its relationship to contraceptive discontinuation: A prospective cohort study in Pakistan and Uganda, Karen T. Chang, Nirali M. Chakraborty, Amanda Kalamar, Waqas Hameed, Benjamin Bellows, Karen A. Grépin, Xaher Gul, Sarah E.K. Bradley, Lynn M. Atuyambe, and Dominic Montagu

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Men’s needs and women’s fears: Gender-related power dynamics in contraceptive use and coping with consequences in a rural setting in Kenya, Francis Obare, George Odwe, and John C. Cleland

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Modelling and mapping of regional disparities associated with female genital mutilation/cutting prevalence among girls aged 0–14 Years in Senegal: Evidence from Senegal (SDHS) Surveys 2005–2017, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Paul Komba, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, and Dennis Matanda

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Modelling and mapping of state disparities associated with female genital mutilation/cutting prevalence among girls aged 0–14 years in Nigeria: Evidence from DHS and MICS 2003–2017, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Paul Komba, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, and Dennis Matanda

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No to circumcision’: The road to effective social marketing campaigns in Egypt [Arabic], Salma Abou Hussein and Sarah Ghattass

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Opportunities and challenges of delivering postabortion care and postpartum family planning during the COVID-19 pandemic, Anne Pfitzer, Eva Lathrop, Alison Bodenheimer, Saumya RamaRao, Megan Christofield, Patricia MacDonald, Bethany Arnold, Neeta Bhatnagar, Erin Mielke, and Meridith Mikulich

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Opportunities for SGBV data collection in the time of COVID-19: The value of implementation science, Chi-Chi Undie, Sanyukta Mathur, Nicole Haberland, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Overview of High Impact Practices for Improved Prevention, Detection, and Management of Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy, Population Council

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Pattern and correlates of out-of-pocket payment (OOP) on female sterilization in India, 1990–2014, Sanjay Kumar Mohanty, Suyash Mishra, Sayantani Chatterjee, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Policy brief: Fertility preferences and behaviors among younger cohorts in Egypt: Recent trends, correlates, and prospects for change [Arabic], Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Shadia Attia, Nourhan Bader, Rania Roushdy, Shatha El-Nakib, and Doaa Oraby

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Practice-based learning: Establishing simple monitoring systems to support SGBV programming in refugee settings, Chi-Chi Undie, Josephine Ngebeh, Jane Harriet Namwebya, Michael Gaitho, George Odwe, Nachela Chelwa, Harriet Birungi, and Michael Mbizvo

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Practice-based learning: Medico-legal evidence collection as part of post-rape care in refugee contexts, Michael Gaitho, Ronald Kotut, Anne Ngunjiri, Jane T. Thiomi, Josephine Ngebeh, and Chi-Chi Undie

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Preprint—Family and provider perceptions of quality of care in the management of sick young infants in primary health care settings in four counties of Kenya, Samuel Mbugua, Jesse Gitaka, Tabither Gitau, George Odwe, Peter Mwaura, Wilson Liambila, Charity Ndwiga, Kezia K'Oduol, Charlotte E. Warren, and Timothy Abuya

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Preprint—The knowledge of danger signs of obstetric complications among women in rural India: Evaluating an integrated microfinance and health literacy program, Danish Ahmad, Itismita Mohanty, Avishek Hazra, and Theo Niyonsenga

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Prevalence and correlates of perceived infertility in Ghana, Chelsea B. Polis, Easmon Otupiri, Michelle J. Hindin, Doris W. Chiu, Sarah C. Keogh, Cara Aidoo, Roderick Larsen-Reindorf, and Suzanne O. Bell

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Promoting respectful maternity care for adolescents in Ghana: A quasi-experimental study protocol, Helen H. Habib, Kwasi Torpey, Ernest Tei Maya, and Augustine Ankomah

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Protecting newborn infants during the COVID-19 pandemic should be based on evidence and equity, Emma Sacks, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, Peter Waiswa, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Protocol for a matched-pair cluster control trial of ARCHES (Addressing Reproductive Coercion in Health Settings) among women and girls seeking contraceptive services from community-based clinics in Nairobi, Kenya, Jasmine Uysal, Nicole Carter, Nicole Johns, Sabrina Boyce, Wilson Liambila, Chi-Chi Undie, Esther Muketo, Jill Adhiambo, Kate Gray, Seri Wendoh, and Jay G. Silverman

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Psychotropic medication non-adherence and its associated factors among patients with major psychiatric disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Adom Manu, Nega Assefa, Gezahegn Tesfaye, and Augustine Ankomah

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Quand et comment la loi est-elle efficace pour réduire la pratique des MGF/E: une étude transfrontalière au Burkina Faso et au Mali, Josephine Wouango, Susan L. Ostermann, and Daniel Mwanga

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Quick take: Corona crisis in Bangladesh, Ubaidur Rob

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Reflections from Five Years of Research on FGM/C, Lori S. Ashford, Reshma Naik, and Charlotte Greenbaum

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Removing barriers to fistula care: Applying appreciative inquiry to improve access to screening and treatment in Nigeria and Uganda, Vandana Tripathi, Elly Arnoff, and Pooja Sripad

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Replication data for: The relationship between attitudes towards pregnancy and contraceptive continuation: Results from a longitudinal study of married women in India, Elizabeth Tobey, Aparna Jain, and Arupendra Mozumdar

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Services for women's sexual and reproductive health in India: An analysis of treatment-seeking for symptoms of reproductive tract infections in a nationally representative survey, Shikha Bhasin, Ankita Shukla, and Sapna Desai

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Share of current unmet need for modern contraceptive methods attributed to past users of these methods in India, Ankita Shukla, Anrudh K. Jain, Rajib Acharya, Faujdar Ram, Arupendra Mozumdar, Abhishek Kumar, Subrato Mondal, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Socioeconomic inequality trends in childhood vaccination coverage in India: Findings from multiple rounds of National Family Health Survey, Nizamuddin Khan and Niranjan Saggurti

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Sustainability of barefoot nurse (BFN) project—Screening NCD and ensuring livelihood: A randomized control trial, Biswamitra Sahu, Sathyanarayana Tn, and Avishek Hazra

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The benefits and limitations of donating new contraceptive technology: The case of the International Contraceptive Access (ICA) Foundation and the LNG IUS Program in Brazil, Laura Miranda, John Townsend, Anibal Faundes, and Luis Bahamondes

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The community health system in Bangladesh: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in Haiti: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in Mali: An overview, Frontline Health Project