The Population Council's Reproductive Health program strives to improve sexual and reproductive health, especially for vulnerable people in developing countries. We help individuals to achieve their family planning and reproductive health goals through improvements in technologies and services. We work to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity and to improve equity and quality in the delivery of care.

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Submissions from 2022

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A research agenda to strengthen evidence generation and utilisation to accelerate the elimination of female genital mutilation, Dennis Matanda and Esther Lwanga Walgwe

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Association between the place of abortion and post-abortion contraceptive adoption and continuation: The case of India, Kirti Gaur, Ankita Shukla, and Rajib Acharya

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Comment utiliser une théorie du changement pour assurer le suivi des programmes de changement social et comportemental et les évaluer, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Determining the most significant changes on intergenerational communication and young people’s family planning and reproductive health outcomes: Qualitative evaluation of the Merci Mon Héros media campaign in Niger and Côte d’Ivoire, Martha Silva, Sethson Kassegne, Robert-Hugues Yaovi Nagbe, Rebecca Ezouatchi, Lorimpo Babogou, and Farida Moussa

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Evaluation of a gender synchronized family planning intervention for married couples in rural India: The CHARM2 cluster randomized control trial, Anita Raj, Mohan Ghule, Nicole Johns, Madhusudana Battala, Shahina Begum, Anvita Dixit, Florin Vaida, Niranjan Saggurti, Jay G. Silverman, and Sarah Averbach

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Examining the longitudinal relationship between intimate partner violence and couples’ marital quality in rural India, Sangeeta Chatterji, Nicole Johns, Mohan Ghule, Shahina Begum, Sarah Averbach, Madhusudan Battala, and Anita Raj

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Expressions of power in health care providers’ experiences and behavior, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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How do changes in motivation to prevent pregnancy influence contraceptive continuation? Results from a longitudinal study with women who receive family planning services from community pharmacists and patent and proprietary medicine vendors in Nigeria, Sara Chace Dwyer, Sikiru Baruwa, Emeka Okafor, Babajide Oluseyi Daini, Osimhen Ubuane, and Aparna Jain

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How to use a theory of change to monitor and evaluate social and behavior change programs, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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If we ask, will they tell? (and then, what?): Screening for sexual violence against children in Kenya, Chi-Chi Undie and Margaret Mak'anyengo

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Impact of COVID-19 on the use of emergency contraceptives in Ghana: An interrupted time series analysis, Kamil Fuseini, Leah Jarvis, Michelle J. Hindin, Kofi Issah, and Augustine Ankomah

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Is living in a region with high groundwater arsenic contamination associated with adverse reproductive health outcomes? An analysis using nationally representative data from India, Jessie Pinchoff, Brent Monseur, Sapna Desai, Katelyn Koons, Ruben Alvero, and Michelle J. Hindin

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Manifestations, responses, and consequences of mistreatment of sick newborns and young infants and their parents in health facilities in Kenya, Timothy Abuya, Charlotte E. Warren, Charity Ndwiga, Chantalle Okondo, Emma Sacks, and Pooja Sripad

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Matching intent with intensity: Implementation research on the intensity of health and nutrition programs with women's self-help groups in India, Avishek Hazra, Aikantika Das, Jaleel Ahmad, Shivani Singh, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Apollonius Purty, Audrey Prost, and Sapna Desai

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Multisite, mixed methods study to validate 10 maternal health system and policy indicators in Argentina, Ghana and India: A research protocol, R. Rima Jolivet, Jewel Gausman, Richard M. Adanu, Delia Bandoh, Maria Belizan, Mabel Berrueta, Suchandrima Chakraborty, Ernest Kenu, Nizamuddin Khan, Magdalene Odikro, Veronica Pingray, Sowmya Ramesh, Niranjan Saggurti, Paula Vázquez, and Ana Langer

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Persistence of female genital mutilation/cutting in two Kenyan communities: What can we learn from change that falls short of abandonment?, Dennis Matanda, Caroline W. Kabiru, Chantalle Okondo, and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Psychosocial influences on pregnancy and childbirth behaviours in north-western Nigeria: A cross-sectional analysis, Emily White Johansson, Udochisom Anaba, Dele Abegunde, Mathew Okoh, Shittu Abdu-Aguye, Paul C. Hewett, and Paul Hutchinson

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Setting up a research agenda for financing sexual and reproductive health services toward achieving universal health coverage in South Asia, Avishek Hazra, Arupendra Mozumdar, Iram Kamran, Ashish Bajracharya, and Saumya RamaRao

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Sexual and reproductive health education and its association with ever use of contraception: A cross-sectional study among women in urban slums, Accra, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Leonard Baatiema, Samuel Dery, Augustine Ankomah, and John Kuumuori Ganle

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The perceived effects of COVID-19 pandemic on female genital mutilation/cutting and child or forced marriages in Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and Senegal, Tammary Esho, Dennis Matanda, Timothy Abuya, Sintayehu Abebe, Yeshitila Hailu, Khaltoume Camara, Bachir Mouhammed, Tonny Kapsandui, Lilian Kamanzi, Andrew Wabwire, Patrick Kagurusi, Maureen Nankanja, Anne Gitimu, David Kawai, John Kogada, Millicent Ondigo, and Joachim Osur

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Ways of coping among women with infertility undergoing assisted reproductive technologies in Ghana, Josephine M. Kyei, Adom Manu, Duah Dwomoh, Agnes M. Kotoh, Kofi Agyabeng, and Augustine Ankomah

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What distinguishes women who choose to self-inject? A prospective cohort study of subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate users in Ghana, Dela Nai, Elizabeth Tobey, Kamil Fuseini, Patrick Aboagye, and Aparna Jain

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ZIKV-related ideations and modern contraceptive use: Cross-sectional evidence from the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala, Julia Fleckman, Martha Silva, Jeni Stolow, Kendra LeSar, Kathryn Spielman, and Paul L. Hutchinson

Submissions from 2021

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Abortion self-care: A forward-looking solution to inequitable access, Lucía Vázquez Quesada, Ankita Shukla, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, Rajib Acharya, and Saumya RamaRao

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Acceptability and potential effectiveness of eHealth tools for training primary health workers From Nigeria at scale: Mixed methods, uncontrolled before-and-after study, Joseph Paul Hicks, Matthew John Allsop, Godwin O. Akaba, Ramsey M. Yalma, Osasuyi Dirisu, Babasola Okusanya, Jamilu Tukur, Kehinde Okunade, David Akeju, Adegbenga Ajepe, Okey Okuzu, Tolib Mirzoev, and Bassey Ebenso

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A comparative analysis of the availability of family planning services in the social franchise and non-franchise private health facilities in Kajiado County, Kenya, Milka Choge, Kenneth Ngure, Elizabeth Echoka, and Timothy Abuya

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A comprehensive model to address reproductive health and family planning needs of factory workers in Port Said, Evidence Project

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A comprehensive model to address reproductive health and family planning needs of factory workers in Port Said [Arabic], Evidence Project

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Addressing contraceptive needs exacerbated by COVID-19: A call for increasing choice and access to self-managed methods, Lisa Haddad, Saumya RamaRao, Avishek Hazra, Harriet Birungi, and James Sailer

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Adherence to guidelines in postpartum management of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in tertiary health facilities in Nigeria: A multi-centre study, Lawal Oyeneyin, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Azubuike K. Onyebuchi, Innocent Agbo, Lamaran M. Dattijo, Baffah M. Aminu, Gbenga A. Kayode, Olorunfemi O. Owa, Patience O. Odusolu, Karima Tunau, Jamilu Tukur, Charlotte E. Warren, Hanifah D. Abubakar, Abdulkarim Musa, Arie Franx, Diederick E. Grobbee, and Joyce L. Browne

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Advancements in postpartum hemorrhage care (APPHC): Overview of portfolio development and research studies in Madagascar, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Advancements in postpartum hemorrhage care (APPHC): Overview of portfolio development and research studies in Malawi, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Advancing postpartum hemorrhage care (APPHC): Partnership approach and portfolio overview, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Analysing normative influences on the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting among 0–14 years old girls in Senegal: A spatial bayesian hierarchical regression approach, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Paul Komba, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, and Dennis Matanda

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Are the poor catching up with the rich in utilising maternal health care services? Evidence from India, Sohini Paul

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Assessing the performance of community health workers in Haiti: Key findings from a mixed-methods study, Frontline Health Project and Zanmi Lasante

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Association of delayed treatment of chlamydial infection and gonorrhea in pregnancy and preterm birth, Emily R. Burdette, Marisa R. Young, Carolynn M. Dude, Kristin M. Wall, and Lisa Haddad

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en Baja California, México—2020, Silvana Larrea-Schiavon, Lucía Vázquez Quesada, Esperanza Basurto-Alcalde, Natalia Polgovsky, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, and Pooja Sripad

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en Chiapas, México—2020, Silvana Larrea-Schiavon, Lucía Vázquez Quesada, Esperanza Basurto-Alcalde, Natalia Polgovsky, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, and Pooja Sripad

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en Chihuahua, México—2020, Silvana Larrea-Schiavon, Lucía Vázquez Quesada, Esperanza Basurto-Alcalde, Natalia Polgovsky, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, and Pooja Sripad

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en la Ciudad de México—2020, Silvana Larrea-Schiavon, Lucía Vázquez Quesada, Esperanza Basurto-Alcalde, Natalia Polgovsky, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, and Pooja Sripad

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en México, Silvana Larrea-Schiavon, Lucía Vázquez Quesada, Esperanza Basurto-Alcalde, Natalia Polgovsky, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, and Pooja Sripad

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en México—2020, Silvana Larrea-Schiavon, Lucía Vázquez Quesada, Esperanza Basurto-Alcalde, Natalia Polgovsky, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, and Pooja Sripad

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en Oaxaca, México—2020, Silvana Larrea-Schiavon, Lucía Vázquez Quesada, Esperanza Basurto-Alcalde, Natalia Polgovsky, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, and Pooja Sripad

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en Tabasco, México—2020, Silvana Larrea-Schiavon, Lucía Vázquez Quesada, Esperanza Basurto-Alcalde, Natalia Polgovsky, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, and Pooja Sripad

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Atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres migrantes: Un mapeo de actores de la sociedad civil en Veracruz, México—2020, Silvana Larrea-Schiavon, Lucía Vázquez Quesada, Esperanza Basurto-Alcalde, Natalia Polgovsky, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, and Pooja Sripad

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Barriers inhibiting effective detection and management of postpartum hemorrhage during facility-based births in Madagascar: Findings from a qualitative study using a behavioral science lens, Sara V. Flanagan, Tina Razafinamanana, Charlotte E. Warren, and Jana Smith

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Beliefs about children and the psychosocial implications of infertility on individuals seeking assisted fertilization in Ghana, Josephine M. Kyei, Adom Manu, Agnes M. Kotoh, Charles Ampong Adjei, and Augustine Ankomah

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Beyond institutionalization: Planning for sustained investments in training, supervision, and support of community health worker programs in Bangladesh, Shongkour Roy, Shivani Pandya, Md. Irfan Hossain, Timothy Abuya, Charlotte E. Warren, Paloma Mitra, Ubaidur Rob, Sharif M.I. Hossain, and Smisha Agarwal

Beyond Machines, Evidence Project

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Can social listening and social media monitoring benefit your SBC activities?, Rachel Yavinsky, Martha Silva, and Leanne Dougherty

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Changes in community knowledge and attitudes related to female genital fistula following the implementation of a multi-component intervention in Nigeria and Uganda, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, Emmanuel Nwala, George Odwe, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Chipatala cha pa Foni, Malawi's 'Health Center by Phone,' improving information given about pregnancy-related symptoms, Breakthrough RESEARCH and VillageReach

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Commentary: Does Twitter have a role in family planning in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs)?, Denise Harrison, Saumya RamaRao, Dinesh Vijeyakumar, James McKinnon, Kristina Brown, and Stanley J. Mierzwa

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Community-based postnatal care services for women and newborns in Kenya: An opportunity to improve quality and access?, Brady Zieman, Timothy Abuya, Daniel Mwanga, John Wanyungu, Charlotte E. Warren, and Pooja Sripad

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Considerations and guidance for using routine and program monitoring data for social and behavior change evaluation, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Costing social and behavior change programming: The role of the denominator, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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COVID-19 pandemic: A call to action, a time to respond, Saumya RamaRao

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Development and validation of a multi-dimensional scale to assess community health worker motivation, Ann Gottert, Tracy McClair, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Sina Pascal Dakouo, Timothy Abuya, Karen Kirk, Benjamin Bellows, Smisha Agarwal, Sarah Kennedy, Charlotte E. Warren, and Pooja Sripad

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Diet diversity among pregnant women and young children—Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

Documentary: Getting it Right! Improving Kenya’s Human Capital by Reducing Stunting—A Household Account, Presidential Policy and Strategy Unit (PASU), Sahihi Africa, and Population Council Kenya

Drivers of teenage pregnancy: A qualitative assessment, Michael Mbizvo, Nelly-Claire Muntalima, Nachela Chelwa, Kondwani Kasonda, Edith S. Namukonda, Chifundo Phiri, Natasha Okpara, Ronald Mungoni, and Nancy Choka

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Editorial: Advancing community health measurement, policy, and practice, Benjamin Bellows and Charlotte E. Warren

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Effectiveness of interventions designed to prevent or respond to female genital mutilation: A review of evidence, Dennis Matanda, Melanie Croce-Galis, Jill Gay, and Karen Hardee

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Effectiveness of interventions designed to prevent or respond to female genital mutilation: Evidence brief, Dennis Matanda, Melanie Croce-Galis, Jill Gay, and Karen Hardee

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Effects of integrated economic and health interventions with women's groups on health-related knowledge, behaviours and outcomes in low-income and middle-income countries: A systematic review protocol, Sapna Desai, Kala M. Mehta, Roopal Jyoti Singh, Allie K. Westley, Osasuyi Dirisu, Connie C.S. Wong, Thomas de Hoop, and Gary L. Darmstadt

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Estimating the cost of the design, production, and dissemination of social media videos for social and behavioral change: Evidence From Merci Mon Héros in Niger and Côte d’Ivoire, Michel Tchuenche, Nicole M. Bellows, Erin Portillo, Zamilatou H. Labati, Denise B. Adou, Jacqueline Hammond, Martha Silva, and Lori Bollinger

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"Eternally restarting" or "a branch line of continuity"? Exploring consequences of external shocks on community health systems in Haiti, Pooja Sripad, Alain Casseus, Sarah Kennedy, Benito Isaac, Kenia Vissieres, Charlotte E. Warren, and Ralph Ternier

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Evaluating changes in the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting among 0-14 years old girls in Nigeria using data from multiple surveys: A novel Bayesian hierarchical spatio-temporal model, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Paul Komba, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, Dennis Matanda, Otibho Obianwu, and Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala

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Évaluation de la performance des agents de santé communautaires en Haïti: principales conclusions d’une étude à méthodologie mixte, Frontline Health Project and Zanmi Lasante

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Evaluation of 2 intervention models to integrate family planning into worker health and livelihood programs in Egypt: A difference-in-differences analysis, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Elizabeth Tobey, Maryam Essam, Sara Chace Dwyer, and Aparna Jain

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Evidence on respectful maternity care for adolescents: A systematic review protocol, Helen H. Habib, Jefferson Mwaisaka, Kwasi Torpey, Ernest Tei Maya, and Augustine Ankomah

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Exploration of the effect of the COVID-19 outbreak on women’s access to family planning services in Port Said and Souhag governorates [Arabic], Evidence Project

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Exploring barriers and enablers of service provision for survivors of human trafficking in the Bay Area: An action research study, Pooja Sripad

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Exploring community health worker roles, support, and experiences in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh, Frontline Health Project

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Exploring community health worker roles, support, and experiences in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Haiti, Frontline Health Project and Zanmi Lasante

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Exploring community health worker roles, support, and experiences in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya, Frontline Health Project

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Exploring experiences of infertility amongst women and men in low-income and middle-income countries: Protocol for a qualitative systematic review, Pooja Sripad, Sapna Desai, Ricardo Regules, Suchandrima Chakraborty, Helen H. Habib, Anny Rodriguez Viloria, Augustine Ankomah, Kamil Fuseini, Leah Jarvis, Karen Kirk, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, and Michelle J. Hindin

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Extent and causes of increased domestic violence during the COVID-19 pandemic: Community health worker perspectives from Kenya, Bangladesh, and Haiti, Ann Gottert, Timothy Abuya, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Alain Casseus, Charlotte E. Warren, and Pooja Sripad

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Family and provider perceptions of quality of care in the management of sick young infants in primary healthcare settings in four counties of Kenya, Samuel Mbugua, Jesse Gitaka, Tabither Gitau, George Odwe, Peter Mwaura, Wilson Liambila, Charity Ndwiga, Kezia K'Oduol, Charlotte E. Warren, and Timothy Abuya

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Family planning for urban slums in low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review of interventions/service delivery models and their impact, John Ganle, Leonard Baatiema, Paul Ayamah, Charlotte Abra, Esime Ofori, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, and Augustine Ankomah

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Findings from the Merci Mon Héros social listening endline report, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Frequently asked questions about COVID-19 and family planning/reproductive health [Arabic], Evidence Project

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Frontline Health achievements in harmonizing measurement and generating evidence on community health system performance, Frontline Health Project

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Getting it Right! Improving Kenya’s Human Capital by Reducing Stunting—A Household Account, Timothy Abuya and Wangari Ng'ang'a

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Haemoglobin thresholds to define anaemia in a national sample of healthy children and adolescents aged 1–19 years in India: A population-based study, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Akash Porwal, Rajib Acharya, Sana Ashraf, Sowmya Ramesh, Nizamuddin Khan, Umesh Kapil, Anura V. Kurpad, and Avina Sarna

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Harnessing the power of partnership to advance reproductive health and rights, Julia Bunting and Régine Sitruk-Ware

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Health and ideations of married female adolescents, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Health data reporting challenges in Mopti, Mali: Results and implications from a mixed-methods study, Frontline Health Project

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Identifying factors that support community health worker motivation, job satisfaction, and retention in Haiti, Frontline Health Project and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

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Improving primary health care delivery in Bihar, India: Learning from piloting and statewide scale-up of Ananya, Gary L. Darmstadt, Kevin T. Pepper, Victoria C. Ward, Sridhar Srikantiah, Tanmay Mahapatra, Usha Kiran Tarigopula, Debarshi Bhattacharya, Laili Irani, Janine Schooley, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Priyanka Dutt, Padmapriya Sastry, Radharani Mitra, Sara Chamberlain, Sophia Monaghan, Priya Nanda, Yamini Atmavilas, Niranjan Saggurti, Evan Borkum, Anu Rangarajan, Kala M. Mehta, Safa Abdalla, Jess Wilhelm, Yingjie Weng, Suzan L. Carmichael, Hina Raheel, Jason Bentley, Wolfgang Munar, Andreea A. Creanga, Shamik Trehan, Dilys Walker, and Hemant Shah

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Incentive preferences for community health volunteers in Kenya: Findings from a discrete choice experiment, Timothy Abuya, Daniel Mwanga, Melvin Obadha, Charity Ndwiga, George Odwe, Daniel Kavoo, John Wanyugu, Charlotte E. Warren, and Smisha Agarwal

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Inclusion of family planning within the National Health Insurance benefits package in Ghana: A health facility assessment, Population Council, Ministry of Health, Ghana Health Service, National Health Insurance Authority, and Marie Stopes International Ghana

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Kebbi State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Sokoto State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Zamfara State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing modern contraceptive use among women in Kebbi State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing modern contraceptive use among women in Sokoto State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing modern contraceptive use among women in Zamfara State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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IntegratE Project results: Family planning knowledge and quality of care received from community pharmacists and patent and proprietary medicine vendors, The IntegratE Project