Persistently adverse sex ratios remain a challenge in India despite the enforcement of the PCPNDT (Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques) Act in 1994. Nevertheless, over the decade 2001–2011, positive shifts from very adverse to less adverse levels have occurred in a few states. Two districts in Haryana state—Kurukshetra and Sonipat—whose sex ratios displayed some and no improvement, respectively, are compared in an attempt to find promising programme directions to counter gender-biased sex selection. Comparisons are drawn from the attitudes and experiences of surveyed women and interviews with service providers and programme implementers, about sex-selection technology. Also addressed are differences in the implementation of three initiatives known to influence improvements in the sex ratio at birth.
Jejeebhoy, Shireen J., Rajib Acharya, Sharmistha Basu, and A.J. Francis Zavier. 2015. "Addressing gender-biased sex selection in Haryana, India: Promising approaches." New Delhi: Population Council.
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