The Population Council, together with the Centre for Catalyzing Change and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and with support from UKaid, implemented the Do Kadam Barabari Ki Ore (Two Steps Towards Equality) program. The project, situated in Patna district, India aimed to orient and engage locally elected leaders—namely, members of Gram Panchayats and Gram Kachehris—in changing community norms relating to the acceptability of violence against women, and preventing violence against women as well as one factor closely associated with the perpetration of such violence, namely alcohol abuse. Specifically, it assessed: 1) the feasibility of sensitizing and training members of the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs, local self-governance bodies) to act as change agents to transform gender norms among men and women in their communities; 2) the effect of the intervention on generating egalitarian gender-role attitudes among PRI members and a reduction in violence against women and girls (VAWG) perpetrated/experienced by them; and 3) the effect of the intervention on changing gender-role attitudes, including attitudes about marital violence among men and women at the community level, and reduction in VAWG and alcohol misuse at the community level.
Jejeebhoy, Shireen J., A.J. Francis Zavier, K.G. Santhya, Rajib Acharya, Neelanjana Pandey, Santosh Kumar Singh, Komal Saxena, Aparajita Gogoi, Madhu Joshi, and Sandeep Ojha. 2017. "Modifying behaviours and notions of masculinity: Effect of a programme led by locally elected representatives." New Delhi: Population Council.
Reducing Violence Against Women and Girls in India