Domestic work is frequently the initial survival strategy for rural Ethiopian girls migrating to urban areas. Following migration from rural areas, most girls enter the workforce as domestic workers, because it is a readily available form of work requiring little or no education. In 2015–16, the Population Council undertook a study of migrant, out-of-school girls in urban and rural areas in six Ethiopian regions which demonstrated that this is a common phenomenon. Originating from poor rural areas and armed with little in the way of education, domestic workers receive low pay and frequently work in abusive situations, including sexual abuse. Several programmatic recommendations arise from this study including increased programmatic attention to internal trafficking, specifically the role of brokers who find work for migrant girls.
Erulkar, Annabel. 2018. "Migration and child domestic work: Evidence from Ethiopia," brief. Addis Ababa: Population Council.