The Global Estimates of Modern Slavery report of 2021 stated that 6.3 million people were in situations of forced commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) on any given day worldwide. Asia and the Pacific region (which includes South Asia) were host to more than half of the global total of forced labor, including those in CSE. Bangladesh is one of the three main countries of origin for trafficked persons in South Asia. India has been identified as a source, destination, and transit location for trafficking of forced labor, including CSE. Though governments in both countries have made commitments to prevent and combat trafficking and CSE of women and children, critical gaps in implementation remain, along with inadequate victim care. The Global Fund to End Modern Slavery in partnership with the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation supported pilot-testing of three prevention and reintegration projects to address CSE of women and children in Bangladesh and India. The Population Council undertook a study to assess and compare the acceptability of these projects. Using qualitative methods, the study focused on examining intervention coherence, affective attitude, self-efficacy, and perceived effectiveness of the interventions.
Santhya, K.G., Sigma Ainul, Snigdha Banerjee, Avishek Hazra, Eashita Haque, Basant Kumar Panda, A.J. Francis Zavier, and Shilpi Rampal. 2022. "Addressing commercial sexual exploitation of women and children through prevention and reintegration approaches: Lessons from Bangladesh and India," technical report. New Delhi: Population Council.