Female labour force participation and dowries in Pakistan
Dowries are prevalent in South Asian countries, despite legal bans. Theoretical studies suggest that increasing women's financial contribution to households is the key to effectively abolishing this practice. To empirically examine this proposition, we conducted a unique survey in rural Pakistan and gathered contemporaneous information about the expected amount of dowry for unmarried daughters. The estimation results show a negative association between female labour force participation and the expected amount of dowry, whereas no negative association is observed with other marriage expenses. These findings suggest that the negative association derives from appreciation of working women rather than their stigmatization.
Momoe Makino. 2021. "Female labour force participation and dowries in Pakistan," Journal of International Development, https://doi.org/10.1002/jid.3537.