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A recent increase in decentralization and democratization in developing countries has expanded the role that data plays in informing policies and measuring program results. Increasingly, programs and policies are being assessed by their ability to reach goals that have evidence-based indicators. This growing focus on evidence places greater and greater demand on those who generate clear, timely, reliable, and relevant data. In an effort to strengthen data, initiatives around the globe, such as PARIS21 and Health Metrics Network, have been designed to increase access to and use of data by harmonizing measures, providing technical support in data collection, and increasing the dialogue between data producers and users. This report presents the Uganda findings of a qualitative study simultaneously conducted in Ethiopia, Ghana, and Senegal. The case studies aimed to develop a picture of the demand for data, access to data, quality of available data, and perceived supply and demand for demographic data in the four countries. These countries were chosen based on their upcoming censuses, identified statistical capacity, active engagement in the production of important data, and participation in international data initiatives.