According to recent estimates, Maharashtra, India recorded high HIV prevalence among female sex workers, however there is a dearth of research documenting the migration patterns of sex workers and the linkages between their mobility and vulnerability to HIV. This Population Council study attempts to answer some of the questions on mobility and migration of female sex workers in Maharashtra as they relate to the HIV epidemic. Findings show an association between degree of mobility and the indicators of HIV risk such as consistent condom use with different types of partners, STI symptoms reported, sexual violence, and self-perception of risk for HIV. Targeting such a highly mobile population of female sex workers who appear to be vulnerable to HIV requires a comprehensive understanding of their places of solicitation and sex. Programs that want to ensure better coverage of their interventions should focus on five major places: brothels, railway/bus stations, dhabas, bars, and hotels/lodges.
Saggurti, Niranjan, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Rajendra Singh, Saumya RamaRao, Suvakanta N. Swain, Ajay Kumar Singh, Anrudh K. Jain, and Ravi K. Verma. 2008. "Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Maharashtra 2007–08." New Delhi: Population Council.
Assessing the Patterns and Drivers of Migration/Mobility of Sex Workers and Male Workers and Examining the Links with HIV Risk