Sexual risk-taking and HIV testing among health workers in Zambia
Health workers (N=692) in five Zambian hospitals were interviewed to assess HIV/AIDS risk-taking and status awareness. They comprised of physicians, nurses, clinical officers and paramedics. Only 33% had been tested for HIV and only 24% said their partner had been tested. 26 percent of sexually active respondents had multiple partners; thirty-seven percent of these had not used condoms. Only 60% of respondents believed condoms were effective in preventing HIV. Women were less likely to trust or use condoms even in high-risk relationships. The data suggest a need to develop HIV/AIDS programs for health workers, with emphasis towards gender-based obstacles hampering safer behaviors.
Kiragu, Karusa, Thabale J. Ngulube, Mutinta Nyumbu, Panganani Njobvu, Peter Eerens, and Chilufya Mwaba. 2007. "Sexual risk-taking and HIV testing among health workers in Zambia," AIDS and Behavior 11(1): 131–136.