This study is a collaborative research project of the University of Natal-Durban, the Horizons program, and Tulane University. One objective of the study was to contribute to understanding the effectiveness of life skills education in changing behavior in South Africa. The findings indicate substantial short-to-medium-term effects of exposure to life skills education on certain areas of sexual and reproductive health-related knowledge, confidence to use condoms, and condom use behavior. Further research is needed to assess whether the observed effects are transitory or long-term in nature, whether the observed behavioral changes have an impact on HIV infection rates among youth, and whether the full implementation of life skills education in all schools in KwaZulu Natal can broaden program impact to include other sexual behaviors such as delay of sexual initiation and secondary abstinence.
The Transitions to Adulthood Study Team. 2004. "Transitions to adulthood in the context of AIDS in South Africa: The impact of exposure to life skills education on adolescent knowledge, skills, and behavior," Horizons Final Report. Washington, DC: Population Council.
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