Understanding the sexual behaviors of populations who are vulnerable to HIV is an important component in the battle against AIDS. Yet policymakers in developing countries, particularly in Africa, have often overlooked men who have sex with men (MSM) as a vulnerable group because of stigmatization of homosexual behavior and denial of the existence of MSM and the role they may play in HIV transmission. A growing body of literature not only documents the presence of this population in Africa but also the importance of reaching them with information and services to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In response to this gap, researchers from the Institute of African Studies at the University of Nairobi and the Horizons and FRONTIERS Programs of the Population Council undertook a study of MSM in Nairobi. The goals were to understand the extent to which MSM are at risk of HIV and other STIs, identify factors associated with risk behaviors, and determine their sexual health needs to develop appropriate interventions. As this research summary states, targeted interventions, such as confidential counseling and peer education are needed.
Onyango-Ouma, Washington, Harriet Birungi, and Scott Geibel. 2006. "Understanding the HIV/STI prevention needs of men who have sex with men in Kenya," Horizons Research Summary. Washington, DC: Population Council.