The Horizons Program and FHI/IMPACT developed a collaborative research study to explore how adults and youth in Kenya define and perceive the ABC (abstinence/being faithful/consistent condom use) terms and behaviors. Additional objectives of the study were to identify attitudes and norms around the ABC behaviors that influence perceptions of them, and the role of important actors in transmitting messages about them. Findings highlight potential challenges in promoting each of the ABC behaviors, as well as some positive elements that can be built upon when developing programs. HIV prevention programs that incorporate ABC messages—both in Kenya and elsewhere—should consider a number of lessons highlighted in this study.
Pulerwitz, Julie, Tiffany Lillie, Louis Apicella, Ann P. McCauley, Tobey C. Nelson, Simon Ochieng, Peter Mwarogo, Karusa Kiragu, and Edward Kunyanga. 2006. "ABC messages for HIV prevention in Kenya: Clarity and confusion, barriers and facilitators," Horizons Final Report. Washington, DC: Population Council.
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