While the integration of information, technologies, and services to respond to HIV/AIDS may seem closely related, there are a variety of issues that continue to create obstacles to integration. Among these are the stigmatizing nature of HIV infection and AIDS and discrimination faced by those who are infected or perceived to be infected; sexual practices and identities that remain socially unacceptable; gender roles and relations that make it difficult for women and men to access information, services, and technologies on HIV prevention; reluctance to recognize the special needs of young people; and barriers to service delivery created by broader economic, social, cultural, and political factors. Of concern to reproductive health service providers are the burdens associated with providing additional services and resources needed for facilities, technologies, treatment options, and comprehensive training. This document provides an overview of the issues, challenges, and opportunities around integrating a broad range of HIV/AIDS interventions into existing reproductive and sexual health programs and services, and includes examples of successful interventions.
Epstein, Helen, Daniel Whelan, Janneke van de Wijgert, Purnima Mane, and Suman Mehta. 2002. "HIV/AIDS Prevention Guidance for Reproductive Health Professionals in Developing-Country Settings." New York: Population Council and UNFPA.