In Kenya the proportion of eligible HIV-positive children receiving ART treatment is only 11 percent. This study explored and documented possible barriers in the community to accessing pediatric HIV testing and treatment, to guide the development of new interventions to encourage uptake. The study identified barriers such as cost, use of traditional healers, low knowledge of treatment options, attitudinal barriers, stigma, unique treatment issues, and dissatisfaction with available services. Additionally, healthcare workers missed opportunities to provide services and cited numerous service-side challenges. The study recommends prioritizing community awareness, mobile clinics, strengthening capacity of healthcare workers, supporting family-based HIV testing, and strategies to reach HIV-positive adolescents and young adults.
Kiragu, Karusa, Katie D. Schenk, Julie Murugi, and Avina Sarna. 2008. "If you build it, will they come? Kenya healthy start pediatric HIV study: A diagnostic study investigating barriers to HIV treatment and care among children," Horizons Final Report. Washington, DC: Population Council.
Demography, Population, and Ecology Commons, Health Policy Commons, Immune System Diseases Commons, International Public Health Commons, Maternal and Child Health Commons, Medicine and Health Commons, Public Health Education and Promotion Commons, Virus Diseases Commons, Women's Health Commons