The prevalence and determinants of depression among HIV-positive perinatal women receiving antiretroviral therapy in India
To assess the prevalence and correlates of perinatal depression, 200 HIV-positive pregnant/post-partum women receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) were interviewed at eight government ART centers in four states across India. 52.5% (105) participants had depressive symptomology (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score > 13) while 23% of the participants reported thoughts of self-harm; there was no difference between pregnant and postpartum participants. Poor illness perception was associated with depression (AOR, 1.09; 95%CI, 1.05, 1.14); there was no association between adherence and depression in this population.
Sarna, Avina, Roopal Jyoti Singh, Mona Duggal, Prabha S. Chandra, and Nancy Reynolds. 2019. "The prevalence and determinants of depression among HIV-positive perinatal women receiving antiretroviral therapy in India," Archives of Women's Mental Health 22(3): 399–404.