No-flip ShangRing circumcision in 10-12 year old boys: Results from randomized clinical trials in Kenya

Document Type

Article (peer-reviewed)

Publication Date



Background: Attention has recently turned toward the use of device-assisted male circumcision to help scale up male circumcision services in sub-Saharan Africa, with increasing emphasis on younger age groups. We assessed the use of the ShangRing for circumcising the subset of boys aged 10 to 12 years who were enrolled in two randomized clinical trials in Kenya. Methods: We performed a sub-analysis of outcomes in 197 boys aged 10 to 12 years; a subset who were enrolled in two randomized clinical trials to assess the use of the no-flip ShangRing circumcision technique in men and boys. One trial assessed spontaneous detachment vs. planned removal of the ShangRing 7 days post-circumcision. The second trial compared the use of topical vs. injectable anesthesia with ShangRing circumcision. Aside from baseline characteristics, data was collected and analyzed for each trial separately. Results: All participants were successfully circumcised. Duration of circumcision, participants requiring a dorsal slit, rate of adverse events, time to complete wound healing, and participant satisfaction were similar between the two groups in each trial. Mean time required for spontaneous ShangRing detachment was 14.82±3.76 days. Topical anesthesia showed a significantly lower mean pain score at the time of application (0.64±1.71 vs. 1.55± 2.21, p = 0.03) as well as postoperatively (0.54±0.88 vs. 1.72±1.56, p < 0.0001). Median dwell time of the topical anesthetic was 43 (IQR: 35.5–60) minutes, while the median time it took the injectable anesthetic to take effect was 2.04 (IQR: 1.72–3.09) minutes. Conclusion: No-flip ShangRing circumcision had a positive safety profile among young adolescent boys, specifically ages 10–12 years. The use of spontaneous device detachment and topical anesthesia with the procedure have shown promising outcomes in this age group. This may have the potential to further increase the acceptability of ShangRing circumcision, and therefore accelerate the scale up of male circumcision services in sub-Saharan Africa.