Title

Role of non-receptor protein tyrosine kinases in spermatid transport during spermatogenesis

Document Type

Article (peer-reviewed)

Publication Date

2014

Abstract

Non-receptor protein tyrosine kinases are cytoplasmic kinases that activate proteins by phosphorylating tyrosine residues, which in turn affect multiple functions in eukaryotic cells. Herein, we focus on the role of non-receptor protein tyrosine kinases, most notably, FAK, c-Yes and c-Src, in the transport of spermatids across the seminiferous epithelium during spermatogenesis. Since spermatids, which are formed from spermatocytes via meiosis, are immotile haploid cells, they must be transported by Sertoli cells across the seminiferous epithelium during the epithelial cycle of spermatogenesis. Without the timely transport of spermatids across the epithelium, the release of sperms at spermiation fails to occur, leading to infertility. Thus, the molecular event pertinent to spermatid transport is crucial to spermatogenesis. We provide a critical discussion based on recent findings in this review. We also provide a hypothetical model on spermatid transport, and the role of non-receptor protein tyrosine kinases in this event. We also highlight areas of research that deserve attention by investigators in the field.

DOI

10.1016/j.semcdb.2014.04.013

Language

English

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